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  1. Haruto Yasumoto - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haruto_Yasumoto

    Haruto Yasumoto Born May 27, 2000 (age 21)Tokyo, Japan Nationality Japanese Height 1.70 m (5 ft 7 in) Weight 60 kg (130 lb; 9.4 st) Style Kickboxing Stance Orthodox Fighting out of Tokyo, Japan Team Hashimoto Dojo Kickboxing record Total 24 Wins ...

    • 1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)
    • 20
    • 60 kg (130 lb; 9.4 st)
    • Tokyo, Japan
  2. Takeru Segawa - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takeru_Segawa
    • Personal Life
    • Fighting Style
    • Segawa–Nasukawa Rivalry
    • Titles and Accomplishments
    • See Also

    As a child, Takeru was a fan of both pro-wrestling and kickboxing. He was inspired to pursue kickboxing as a professional career after seeing Andy Hug win the 1996 K-1 Grand Prix. After being expelled from highschool, three months into his first year, he decided to move to Thailand where he trained striking full-time. As he was training, he also attended a correspondence school, which would enable him to participate in K-1 Koshien tournaments. After graduating from high school, Takeru began training in Team Dragon under Kensaku Maeda. Takeru has two siblings, an older and younger sister. Before deciding to become a professional prizefighter, Takeru was studying to become a childcare worker. In September 2018, Takeru published his photobook. The photos included ranged from match photos to more private photos depicting him waking up, eating etc. Later in the year, K-1 further published a Takeru VRvideo, which depicted his training, guitar practice and an "in-car date". They also publi...

    Takeru is notable for using a high volume and variety of front leg kicks. He makes use of the lead leg push kicks and snap kicks. True to his karate background, he uses the lead leg round and triangle kick as well, which he will throw should his opponent circle to the left. Alongside these, he uses the lead leg head kick. To transfer power into his lead leg, however, Takeru must first place his rear leg underneath his center of gravity, which leaves him exposed on one leg, squared and without an option to retreat, should his lead leg kick be deflected or round kick blocked. To adjust to this when fighting southpaws, he sticks to step up lead leg low kicks and rear leg knees. The lead leg attack don’t merely serve to score points, or debilitate and exhaust opponents, but to push the opponent to the ropes. His main strikes, once the opponent is backed up, are the right hookto the body and the stepping right knee. He’ll combine the right hook with the left hook to the head, or combine...

    Tenshin Nasukawa has been calling out Segawa since June 8, 2015.But due to contractual obligations, both fighters were not able to meet in the ring. At that time, K-1 and RISE were in a "Kickboxing Cold War" since 2010. On August 5, 2015, Segawa told the media that he is interested in fighting Nasukawa if K-1 can organize it. K-1 Japan group producer, Mitsuru Miyata, demanded that Nasukawa sign an exclusive contract with K-1 to be able to make the fight happen. Nasukawa's trainer and RISE president, Takashi Ito, told combat sports magazine Fight & Life, that he will agree to let Nasukawa fight in a K-1 event but he's not willing to give up Nasukawa to an exclusive contract with K-1.[citation needed] In 2015, K-1 officially made a partnership with the new MMA promotion, Rizin Fighting Federation. Rizin president, Nobuyuki Sakakibara, announced that Rizin is willing to make partnerships with every fighting organization so RISE began to work with Rizin as well. This deal made a Segawa–...

    Professional

    1. 2018 K-1 Super Featherweight Champion (Two title defenses.) 2. 2018 K-1 World GP -60kg World Grand Prix Winner 3. 2016 K-1 World GP -57.5kg World Grand Prix Winner 4. 2016 K-1 Featherweight Champion (One title defense.) 5. 2015 K-1 World GP -55kg World Grand Prix Winner 6. 2015 K-1 Super Bantamweight Champion (One title defense.) 7. 2013 Krush -58 kg Tournament Champion (Three title defenses.)

    Amateur

    1. 2011 22nd All Japan Shin Karate K-2 Grand Prix BUDO-RA Award 2. 2011 116th Shin Karate K-2 Tournament Lightweight Winner 3. 2010 114th & 115th Shin Karate K-2 Tournament Lightweight Winner

    Awards

    1. K-1 Awards 1.1. 2017 Fight of the Year (vs Victor Saravia) 1.2. 2018 Fighter of the Year 1.3. 2019 Fight of the Year (vs Yodkitsada Yuthachonburi) 2. CombatPress.com 2.1. 2015 Fight of the Year (vs. Taiga) 2.2. 2018 Male Fighter of the Year 3. eFight.jp 3.1. May 2013, April 2015, November 2016 and March 2018 Fighter of the Month

    • 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)
    • Natural Born Crusher, Takeru Kaewsamrit
    • Japanese
    • 世川 武尊, July 29, 1991 (age 29), Yonago, Japan
  3. Typhoon Bolaven (2012) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typhoon_Bolaven_(2012)
    • Meteorological History
    • Preparations
    • Impact
    • Aftermath
    • See Also
    • External Links

    On August 18, an area of showers and thunderstorms associated with a trough formed about 520 km (320 mi) west-southwest of Guam. Over the following day, a low-level circulation developed within the trough. Tracking slowly northeastward into a region of warm sea surface temperatures, low wind shear, and favorable divergence, continued development was anticipated. Later on August 19, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)[nb 2] issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert as the system was anticipated to develop further. Hours later, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)[nb 3] classified the low as a tropical depression. The JTWC followed suit early on August 20, designating the system as Tropical Depression 16W. Following the development of convective banding features along the southern side of the low, both the JMA and JTWC upgraded the depression to a tropical storm, with the former assigning it the name Bolaven. By this time, the storm began turning northwestward in response to a su...

    Philippines

    On August 24, fishing vessels and small craft off the northern and eastern coasts of Luzon, Philippines were advised to not venture out due to large swellsproduced by Typhoons Bolaven and Tembin.

    Ryukyu Islands

    On August 22, hours before the JTWC classified Bolaven as a typhoon, Okinawa was placed under Tropical Cyclone Condition of Readiness (TCCR) four. The following day, media reports began calling Typhoon Bolaven "the bad one." At this time, the then Category 4-equivalent typhoon was expected to pass directly over Okinawa and based on forecasts from the JTWC, it would be the most powerful storm to hit the island in 13 years. On August 24, the TCCR was raised to level three. During the afternoon...

    China

    Although located more than 500 km (310 mi) away from Eastern China, officials in the country issued sea warnings on August 27 due to waves estimated between 9 and 12 m (30 and 39 ft) over the East China Sea and Yellow Sea. In Northeastern China, ferry service along the Yalu River in Dandong City was suspended the same day. Due to the threat of heavy rains, approximately 23,000 were evacuated in Jiangsu Province. In Weihai city, more than 2,000 vessels sought refuge at port and ferry services...

    Japan

    Regarded as the most powerful typhoon to strike the region since 1956, strong winds in Japan's Kagoshima Prefecture left approximately 60,000 residences without power. Although a strong storm when it passed over Okinawa, damage was less than initially feared. Across Okinawa, sustained winds were measured up to 167 km/h (104 mph) with gusts to 222 km/h (138 mph). On Okinoerabujima, wind gusts were measured up to 153 km/h (95 mph). At Kadena Air Base, a barometric pressure of 952 mb (hPa; 28.11...

    South Korea

    The first area in South Korea impacted by Typhoon Bolaven was Jeju Island, a small island located off the southwestern coast of the nation. There, high winds from the storm downed power poles, broke street lamps, and damaged buildings. More than 70,000 households on the island lost power. On Jeollanam-do Wando, a wind gust of 186 km/h (116 mph) was recorded during the storm's passage. Across the country, approximately 1.9 million people lost power, though it was quickly restored to all but 34...

    North Korea

    In North Korea, heavy rains from the storm triggered significant flooding and many landslides. The Korean Central News Agency reported wind speeds of more than 108 km/h (67 mph) in North Hwanghae, South Hwanghae, South Hamgyong, South Pyongan Provinces and the city of Nampho, and waves as high as 1.11 m (3.6 ft) in the sea of Kimchaek. According to the North Korean Hydrometeorological Management Office, wind gusts reached 130 km/h (81 mph). Widespread damage took place throughout the country...

    South Korea

    By September 6, farmers in southern areas of the country requested aid from the government. In South Jeolla Province, ₩35 billion (US$30.8 million) was allocated for post-storm recovery. Of this, about half went to repairing public facilities. Across the province, repairs were expected to be completed by October or November 2012. On September 11, the Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister announced that residents severely affected by the typhoon were eligible for up to ₩50 million...

    North Korea

    On September 4, Hwang Woo-yea, chairman of South Korea's Saenuri Party, urged the government to seek international aid, namely in the form of food, for North Korean residents affected by the typhoon. On September 6, the Red Cross Society of Democratic People's Republic of Korea announced that international aid may be requested for the effects of severe flooding in July and Typhoon Bolaven. Locally, the Red Cross distributed 2,515 emergency kits to more than 11,600 people in three of the harde...

  4. NHK Cup (shogi) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Marchjuly/sandbox/NHK_Cup_(Shogi)
    • History
    • Format
    • Tournament Records
    • Women's Professionals
    • Broadcasts
    • Notable Events
    • External Links

    Formerly known as the NHK Cup Competition Shogi Tournament(NHK杯争奪将棋トーナメント, enu eichi kei hai sōdatsu tōnamento), the 1st NHK Cup was held in 1951 with eight professional shogi players. The winner was Yoshio Kimura, who held the Meijin title at the time. Prior to 1962, the tournament was broadcast only on the radio, but starting with the 12th NHK Cup (1962), the tournament moved to television.The 26th NHK Cup (1976) was the first to be broadcast in color. Up until and including the 15th NHK Cup (1965), only Class A professionalswere allowed to participate. When the number of players was increased from 8 to 16 for the 16th NHK Cup (1966), the tournament became open to other professionals as well. The number of players was increased again from 16 to 26 for the 27th NHK Cup (1977) and to its current level of 50 for the 31st NHK Cup (1981). In addition, the preliminary tournaments also started with the 31st NHK Cup. Female professionals were allowed to participate for the first time in t...

    The tournament is actually made up of two parts: the main tournament, and preliminary tournaments. The main tournament is a 6-round single eliminationtournament in which 50 players (divided into two 25-player blocks: "Block A" and "Block B") compete for the title of "NHK Cup Champion". The first 4 rounds determine the four players who will meet in the two semifinals to determine the winner of each block; The two block winners then meet in the final to determine the overall tournament winner. All of the games played in the main tournament are televised.

    Most tournament championships: Yoshiharu Habu, 11
    Youngest player to win a championship: Yoshiharu Habu, 18 years old, 38th NHK Cup (1988)
    Oldest player to win a championship: Yasuharu Ōyama, 61 years old, 30th NHK Cup (1980)
    Lowest ranked player to win championship: Yōichi Kushida, 4 dan, 39th NHK Cup (1989)

    Women's professionalshave been participating in the tournament since the 43rd NHK Cup (1993). The following table shows those who have participated in the tournament over the years as well as their opponents and results. Note: "W" stands for "win" and "L" stands for "loss".

    Television

    The tournament lasts roughly one year from April to the following March. Tournament games are televised each Sunday from 10:30 am to 12:00 pm Japan Standard Time (JST) on NHK Educational TV (NHK-E) and live commentary and analysis is provided by two commentators (shogi professionals): A women's professional who serves as the tournament's host and a professional who serves as the guest display board analyst. The games are recorded in advance for broadcast at a later date. Before each game, the...

    Radio

    From the 1st NHK Cup (1951) until the 11th NHK Cup (1961), the tournament was exclusively broadcast on NHK Radio. The radio broadcasts stopped, however, once the tournament switched to television in 1962 for the 12th NHK Cup. The tournament returned to radio in 2011 when the final of the 60th NHK Cup was broadcast on NHK-1 Radio in honor of the 60th anniversary of the tournament. The program was hosted by an NHK announcer and commentary was provided by 3 professionals. NHK also created a webs...

    Habu beats four Meijins

    In the 38th NHK Cup (1988), 18-year-old Yoshiharu Habu (at the time only a 5-dan), beat three former Meijin and the reigning Meijin in consecutive games on the way to his first NHK Cup championship. He defeated former Meijin Yasuharu Ōyama in Round 3, former Meijin Hifumi Katō in the quarterfinals, reigning Meijin Kōji Tanigawa in the semifinals and former Meijin Makoto Nakahara in the finals.

    Women's professional wins

    Hiroe Nakai became the first Women's professionals|women's professional to win a NHK Cup game. She won her round 1 game of the 53rd NHK Cup (2003) against Mamoru Hatakeyama and then in round 2 won against Teruichi Aono (who was in Class A at the time). She lost in round 3 to Makoto Nakahara. The following year Nakai also qualified for the 54th NHK Cup (2004) and continued her high level of play by beating Shūji Satō in round 1. In round 2, Nakai faced Yasumitsu Satōwho was the reigning Kisei...

    Same final four

    The four semifinalists of the 59th NHK Cup (2009) were Yoshiharu Habu, Tetsurō Itodani, Tadahisa Maruyama and Akira Watanabe. Habu beat Maruyama in one semifinal and Itodani beat Watanabe in the other; Habu then beat Itodani in the final.The next year in the 60th NHK Cup (2010), the same four players also made it to the semifinals. This time Habu beat Watanabe and Itodani beat Maruyama to make it to the finals where Habu once again beat Itodani to win the championship.

  5. Arthur Lounsbery - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Lounsbery
    • Career
    • Filmography
    • Theatre
    • Discography
    • External Links

    Lounsbery was born in California. His family moved to Kanagawa Prefecture, when he was approximately one-and-a-half years old. He is three quarters Japanese and a quarter American. He graduated from high school, when he was supposed to be in his first year. He managed to take university exams when he was supposed to be in his second year. He became a voice actor, after graduating from high school and suggested by his co-worker on his part-time job. Lounsbery graduated from Amusement Media Academy(アミューズメントメディア総合学院), under Voice Actor Talent Department(声優タレント学科). His first work when he was still in the academy was The Accidental Couple, his first official debut after entering his agency 81 Produce was Phi Brain: Puzzle of God. His first regular role was as Ryugel Baran in Inazuma Eleven GO: Galaxy. In 2015, his break-out role came when he was cast as Kaito Tsukigami in Star-Myu, in which he sang numerous songs. Lounsbery is also active in various fields, such as competitive gamer and...

    Television animation

    2011 1. Phi Brain: Puzzle of God as Male Student(ep 1) 2012 1. Medaka Box Abnormal as Committee Chief(ep 12) 2. Sket Dance as Servant(ep 74) 2013 1. Gatchaman Crowds as Contributor(ep 9), Homeland Security(ep 10) 2. Inazuma Eleven GO: Galaxyas Ryugel Baran 3. Seiyuu Sentai Voicetorm 7(声優戦隊ボイストーム7, lit. Voice Actor Force Voicetorm 7)as Butler, Male Student, Glasses-wearing Man 2014 1. Buddy Complex as Garcian Bass(eps 2–5, 12, 13), Vajra operator(eps 7–10), Alliance maintenance member A(ep 11)...

    Theatrical animation

    1. Aikatsu Stars! The Movieas Kanata Kira (2016) 2. Digimon Adventure: Last Evolution Kizunaas Ken Ichijōji (2020)

    Original video animation

    1. Kyō, Koi o Hajimemasuas Student (2010) 2. Beyond the Boundary: Daybreakas Youmu (2014) 3. Star-Myu: High School Star Musical (2016–2018) 3.1. 3 OVAs as Kaito Tsukigami

    Musical

    1. Musical Star-Myu(ミュージカル「スタミュ」)as Kaito Tsukigami at Zepp Blue Theater Roppongi in Tokyo (April 1–9, 2017) and Morinomiya Piloti Hall in Osaka, Japan (April 15–16, 2017) 2. Musical Star-Myu Second Season(ミュージカル「スタミュ」-2ndシーズン-) as Kaito Tsukigami at Nippon Seinenkan Hallin Tokyo (July 4–11, 2018) and Morinomiya Piloti Hall in Osaka, Japan (July 20–22, 2018)

    Stage reading

    1. 81 Live Salon 2. STUDIO La Neige: Recitation event "Jouer du cygne PART 1 ~Inside memory~"(朗読イベント『Jouer du cygne PART1 ~インサイド・メモリー~』)(February 11, 2015) (Hajime) 3. Theatrick(Theatrick第一弾『新米助手の計らずも悩ましい一日』)(January 13–18, 2015) 4. Japanese literature masterpiece selection third volume “Kokoro”(日本文学名作選 第三弾「こゝろ」)(February 18, 2017) (K) 5. Cinderella Saiban ~Ai wa Akai Doku~(シンデレラ裁判 ~愛は赤い毒~, lit. Cinderella Trial ~Love is Red Poison~)(May 19–28, 2017) 6. Nazotoki wa Dinner no Ato de(謎解きはディナーのあ...

    Other performances

    1. soffive (Kōtarō Nishiyama, Arthur Lounsbery, Toshiya Hiruma, Yoshiki Nakajima, Kento Itō) as himself 1.1. C.A.L.L.I.N.G 1.2. VOICE OF LOVE 1.3. Kimi No Kaeru Basho(君の帰る場所, lit. The Place Where You Return) 2. Star-Myu as Kaito Tsukigami in team Otori 2.1. Yume・Iro ~team Otori Ver.~(ユメ・イロ~team鳳Ver.~, lit. Dream・Color ~team Otori Ver.~) (Star-Myu OVA 1 opening) 2.2. C☆ngratulations!~team Otori Ver.~ (Star-Myu OVA 2 ending) 3. Karaoke no LIVE DAM STADIUM(カラオケのLIVE DAM STADIUM) Anison Vocal Pro...

  6. Solar energy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_energy
    • Potential
    • Thermal Energy
    • Electricity Production
    • Architecture and Urban Planning
    • Agriculture and Horticulture
    • Transport
    • Fuel Production
    • Energy Storage Methods
    • Development, Deployment and Economics
    • Use by Region

    The Earth receives 174 petawatts (PW) of incoming solar radiation (insolation) at the upper atmosphere. Approximately 30% is reflected back to space while the rest is absorbed by clouds, oceans and land masses. The spectrum of solar light at the Earth's surface is mostly spread across the visible and near-infrared ranges with a small part in the near-ultraviolet. Most of the world's population live in areas with insolation levels of 150–300 watts/m2, or 3.5–7.0 kWh/m2per day. Solar radiation is absorbed by the Earth's land surface, oceans – which cover about 71% of the globe – and atmosphere. Warm air containing evaporated water from the oceans rises, causing atmospheric circulation or convection. When the air reaches a high altitude, where the temperature is low, water vapor condenses into clouds, which rain onto the Earth's surface, completing the water cycle. The latent heat of water condensation amplifies convection, producing atmospheric phenomena such as wind, cyclones and ant...

    Solar thermal technologies can be used for water heating, space heating, space cooling and process heat generation.

    Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP). CSP systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. PV converts light into electric current using the photoelectric effect. Solar power is anticipated to become the world's largest source of electricity by 2050, with solar photovoltaics and concentrated solar power contributing 16 and 11 percent to the global overall consumption, respectively.In 2016, after another year of rapid growth, solar generated 1.3% of global power. Commercial concentrated solar power plants were first developed in the 1980s. The 392 MW Ivanpah Solar Power Facility, in the Mojave Desert of California, is the largest solar power plant in the world. Other large concentrated solar power plants include the 150 MW Solnova Solar Power Station and the 100 MW Andasol solar power station, both in Spain. The 250...

    Sunlight has influenced building design since the beginning of architectural history. Advanced solar architecture and urban planning methods were first employed by the Greeks and Chinese, who oriented their buildings toward the south to provide light and warmth. The common features of passive solar architecture are orientation relative to the Sun, compact proportion (a low surface area to volume ratio), selective shading (overhangs) and thermal mass. When these features are tailored to the local climate and environment, they can produce well-lit spaces that stay in a comfortable temperature range. Socrates' Megaron House is a classic example of passive solar design. The most recent approaches to solar design use computer modeling tying together solar lighting, heating and ventilation systems in an integrated solar design package. Active solarequipment such as pumps, fans, and switchable windows can complement passive design and improve system performance. Urban heat islands (UHI) ar...

    Agriculture and horticulture seek to optimize the capture of solar energy to optimize the productivity of plants. Techniques such as timed planting cycles, tailored row orientation, staggered heights between rows and the mixing of plant varieties can improve crop yields. While sunlight is generally considered a plentiful resource, the exceptions highlight the importance of solar energy to agriculture. During the short growing seasons of the Little Ice Age, French and English farmers employed fruit walls to maximize the collection of solar energy. These walls acted as thermal masses and accelerated ripening by keeping plants warm. Early fruit walls were built perpendicular to the ground and facing south, but over time, sloping walls were developed to make better use of sunlight. In 1699, Nicolas Fatio de Duillier even suggested using a tracking mechanism which could pivot to follow the Sun. Applications of solar energy in agriculture aside from growing crops include pumping water, dr...

    Development of a solar-powered car has been an engineering goal since the 1980s. The World Solar Challenge is a biannual solar-powered car race, where teams from universities and enterprises compete over 3,021 kilometres (1,877 mi) across central Australia from Darwin to Adelaide. In 1987, when it was founded, the winner's average speed was 67 kilometres per hour (42 mph) and by 2007 the winner's average speed had improved to 90.87 kilometres per hour (56.46 mph).The North American Solar Challenge and the planned South African Solar Challengeare comparable competitions that reflect an international interest in the engineering and development of solar powered vehicles. Some vehicles use solar panels for auxiliary power, such as for air conditioning, to keep the interior cool, thus reducing fuel consumption. In 1975, the first practical solar boat was constructed in England. By 1995, passenger boats incorporating PV panels began appearing and are now used extensively. In 1996, Kenichi...

    Solar chemical processes use solar energy to drive chemical reactions. These processes offset energy that would otherwise come from a fossil fuel source and can also convert solar energy into storable and transportable fuels. Solar induced chemical reactions can be divided into thermochemical or photochemical. A variety of fuels can be produced by artificial photosynthesis. The multielectron catalytic chemistry involved in making carbon-based fuels (such as methanol) from reduction of carbon dioxide is challenging; a feasible alternative is hydrogen production from protons, though use of water as the source of electrons (as plants do) requires mastering the multielectron oxidation of two water molecules to molecular oxygen. Some have envisaged working solar fuel plants in coastal metropolitan areas by 2050 – the splitting of seawater providing hydrogen to be run through adjacent fuel-cell electric power plants and the pure water by-product going directly into the municipal water sys...

    Thermal mass systems can store solar energy in the form of heat at domestically useful temperatures for daily or interseasonal durations. Thermal storage systems generally use readily available materials with high specific heat capacities such as water, earth and stone. Well-designed systems can lower peak demand, shift time-of-use to off-peakhours and reduce overall heating and cooling requirements. Phase change materials such as paraffin wax and Glauber's salt are another thermal storage medium. These materials are inexpensive, readily available, and can deliver domestically useful temperatures (approximately 64 °C or 147 °F). The "Dover House" (in Dover, Massachusetts) was the first to use a Glauber's salt heating system, in 1948. Solar energy can also be stored at high temperatures using molten salts. Salts are an effective storage medium because they are low-cost, have a high specific heat capacity, and can deliver heat at temperatures compatible with conventional power systems...

    Beginning with the surge in coal use, which accompanied the Industrial Revolution, energy consumption has steadily transitioned from wood and biomass to fossil fuels. The early development of solar technologies starting in the 1860s was driven by an expectation that coal would soon become scarce. However, development of solar technologies stagnated in the early 20th century in the face of the increasing availability, economy, and utility of coal and petroleum. The 1973 oil embargo and 1979 energy crisis caused a reorganization of energy policies around the world. It brought renewed attention to developing solar technologies. Deployment strategies focused on incentive programs such as the Federal Photovoltaic Utilization Program in the US and the Sunshine Program in Japan. Other efforts included the formation of research facilities in the US (SERI, now NREL), Japan (NEDO), and Germany (Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE). Commercial solar water heaters began appearing...

    Solar energy is not available in all regions, due to geographic location or due to deployment and infrastructure. For instance, while the European Union has installed more than 130 GW of capacity in 2019, China had reached more than 200 GW and the US more than 100 GW. The Desertec Foundation has estimated that an area of ~300 x 300 miles in the Saharaarea would be sufficient to produce all the electricity the world used (based on 2005 levels). Summaries of solar energy use and production are available on these pages: Africa and Middle East: Israel, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Yemen Europe: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Cyprus, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom Americas: Canada, United States, Brazil, Chile, Mexico Asia: Burma (Myanmar), China, India, Japan, Pakistan, Thailand Australia and New Zealand