- List of Different Simplifications
- Traditional Characters That May Cause Problems Displaying
- Different Stroke Orders in Chinese and Japanese
The old and new forms of the Kyōiku Kanji and their Hànzì equivalents are listed below. In the following lists, the characters are sorted by the radicals of the Japanese kanji. The two Kokuji働 and 畑 in the Kyōiku Kanji List, which have no Chinese equivalents, are not listed here; in Japanese, neither character was affected by the simplifications. Note that 弁 is used to simplify three different Traditional characters (辨, 瓣, and 辯) in Japan. 1. No simplificationin either language (The following characters were simplified neither in Japanese nor in Chinese.) 1. 一 丁 下 三 不 天 五 民 正 平 可 再 百 否 武 夏 中 内 出 本 世 申 由 史 冊 央 向 曲 印 州 表 果 半 必 永 求 九 丸 千 久 少 夫 午 失 末 未 包 年 危 后 兵 我 束 卵 承 垂 刷 重 省 看 勉 七 乳 才 予 事 二 元 亡 六 主 市 交 忘 夜 育 京 卒 商 率 就 人 化 今 仁 付 代 仕 他 令 以 合 全 任 休 件 仲 作 何 位 住 余 低 似 命 使 念 例 供 信 保 便 値 修 借 候 倍 俳 俵 健 停 働 像 先 入 八 分 公 共 弟 並 典 前 益 善 尊 同 周 次 兆 冷 弱 刀 切 別 判 制 券 刻 副 割 力 加 助 努 勇 勤 句 北 疑 十 古 孝 直 南 真 裁 博 上 反 灰 厚 原 台 能 友 収 口 司 右 兄 吸 告 君 味 呼 品 唱 器 四 回 因 困 固 土 去 地 在 寺 均 志 坂 幸 型 城 基 域 喜 境 士 冬 各 夕 外 名 多...
Some of the traditional Kanji are not included in the Japanese font of Windows XP/2000, and only rectangles are shown. Downloading the Meiryo font from the Microsoft website (VistaFont_JPN.EXE) and installing it will solve this problem. Note that within the Jōyō Kanji there are 62 characters the old forms of which may cause problems displaying: Kyōiku Kanji (26): Grade 2 (2 Kanji): 海 社 Grade 3 (8 Kanji): 勉 暑 漢 神 福 練 者 都 Grade 4 (6 Kanji): 器 殺 祝 節 梅 類 Grade 5 (1 Kanji): 祖 Grade 6 (9 Kanji): 勤 穀 視 署 層 著 諸 難 朗 Secondary-School Kanji (36): 欄 廊 虜 隆 塚 祥 侮 僧 免 卑 喝 嘆 塀 墨 悔 慨 憎 懲 敏 既 煮 碑 祉 祈 禍 突 繁 臭 褐 謁 謹 賓 贈 逸 響 頻 These characters are Unicode CJK Unified Ideographs for which the old form (kyūjitai) and the new form (shinjitai) have been unified under the Unicode standard. Although the old and new forms are distinguished under the JIS X 0213 standard, the old forms map to Unicode CJK Compatibility Ideographs which are considered by Unicode to be canonically equivalent to the new forms and ma...
Some characters, whether simplified or not, look the same in Chinese and Japanese, but have different stroke orders. For example, in Japan, 必 is written with the top dot first, while the Traditional stroke order writes the 丿 first. In the characters 王 and 玉, the vertical stroke is the third stroke in Chinese, but the second stroke in Japanese.Taiwan and Hong Kong use Traditional characters, though with an altered stroke order.
- Applications and Limitations
- List of The 1,850 Tōyō Kanji
- See Also
- External Links
Thousands of kanji characters were in use in various writing systems, leading to great difficulties for those learning written Japanese. Additionally, several characters had identical meanings but were written differently from each other, further increasing complexity. After World War II, the Ministry of Education decided to minimize the number of kanji by choosing the most commonly used kanji, along with simplified kanji (see Shinjitai) commonly appearing in contemporary literature, to form the tōyō kanji. This was an integral part of the postwar reform of Japanese national writing. This was meant as a preparation for re-introducing their previous unsuccessful reform abolishing Chinese characters. Although the postwar timing meant no public debate was held on the future of the Japanese written language, the defenders of the original kanji system considered and accepted the tōyō kanji as a reasonable compromise. Since this compromise could not then be withdrawn in favour of more rad...
In addition to a list of the standardized tōyō kanji, the reform published by the Ministry for Education in 1946 also contains a set of guidelines for their use. Regarding provenance and scope, the foreword of the document states that: 1. The table of tōyō kanji put forth therein, are the selection of kanji recommended for use by the general public, including legal and governmental documents, newspapers, and magazines. 2. The presented kanji are selected as an approximate set of those characters found to be of no insignificant utility in the lives of today's Japanese citizens. 3. Concerning proper nouns, there is a wide range of usage beyond what may be formulated as rules, and consequently they are treated as outside the scope of this standard. 4. The simplified character forms from modern custom are taken as the proper form, and their original forms are provided alongside them for reference. 5. A systemization of the character forms and their readings is still under consideration...
Because the majority of character-based words are composed of two (or more) kanji, many words were left with one character included in the Tōyō kanji, and the other character missing. In this case, the recommendation was to write the included part in kanji and the excluded part in kana, e.g. ふ頭 for 埠頭 and 危ぐ for 危惧. These words were called mazegaki(交ぜ書き, "mixed characters").
Bold in 1981 and 2010 year added kanji 一 丁 七 丈 三 上 下 不 且 世 丘 丙 中 丸 丹 主 久 乏 乗 乙 九 乳 乾 乱 了 事 二 互 五 井 亜 亡 交 享 京 人 仁 今 介 仕 他 付 代 令 以 仰 仲 件 任 企 伏 伐 休 伯 伴 伸 伺 似 但 位 低 住 佐 何 仏 作 佳 使 来 例 侍 供 依 侮 侯 侵 便 係 促 俊 俗 保 信 修 俳 俵 併 倉 個 倍 倒 候 借 倣 値 倫 仮 偉 偏 停 健 側 偶 傍 傑 備 催 伝 債 傷 傾 働 像 僚 偽 僧 価 儀 億 倹 儒 償 優 元 兄 充 兆 先 光 克 免 児 入 内 全 両 八 公 六 共 兵 具 典 兼 冊 再 冒 冗 冠 冬 冷 准 凍 凝 凡 凶 出 刀 刃 分 切 刈 刊 刑 列 初 判 別 利 到 制 刷 券 刺 刻 則 削 前 剖 剛 剰 副 割 創 劇 剤 剣 力 功 加 劣 助 努 効 劾 勅 勇 勉 動 勘 務 勝 労 募 勢 勤 勲 励 勧 勺 匁 包 化 北 匠 匹 匿 区 十 千 升 午 半 卑 卒 卓 協 南 博 占 印 危 却 卵 巻 卸 即 厘 厚 原 去 参 又 及 友 反 叔 取 受 口 古 句 叫 召 可 史 右 司 各 合 吉 同 名 后 吏 吐 向 君 吟 否 含 呈 呉 吸 吹 告 周 味 呼 命 和 咲 哀 品 員 哲 唆 唐 唯 唱 商 問 啓 善 喚 喜 喪 喫 単 嗣 嘆 器 噴 嚇 厳 嘱 囚 四 回 因 困 固 圏 国 囲 園 円 図 団 土 在 地 坂 均 坊 坑 坪 垂 型 埋 城 域 執 培 基 堂 堅 堤 堪 報 場 塊 塑 塔 塗 境 墓 墜 増 墨 堕 墳 墾 壁 壇 圧 塁 壊 士 壮 壱 寿 夏 夕 外 多 夜 夢 大 天 太 夫 央 失 奇 奉 奏 契 奔 奥 奪 奨 奮 女 奴 好 如 妃 妊 妙 妥 妨 妹 妻 姉 始 姓 委 姫 姻 姿 威 娘 娯 娠 婆 婚 婦 婿 媒 嫁 嫡 嬢 子 孔 字 存 孝 季 孤 孫 学 宅 宇 守 安 完 宗 官 宙 定 宜 客 宣 室 宮 宰 害 宴 家 容 宿 寂 寄 密 富 寒 察 寡 寝 実 寧 審 写 寛 寮 宝 寸 寺 封 射 将 専 尉 尊 尋 対 導 小 少 就 尺 尼 尾 尿 局 居 届 屈...Pronunciation of the Kanji (in Japanese)[dead link]
Kyōiku kanji (教育漢字, literally "education kanji"), also known as Gakunenbetsu kanji haitōhyō (学年別漢字配当表, literally "list of kanji by school year") is a list of 1,026 kanji and associated readings developed and ...
- Market Share
- Line Lite
- in Popular Culture
- Related Products
LINE was originally developed as a mobile application for Android and iOS smartphones. The service has since expanded to BlackBerry OS (August 2012), Nokia Asha (Asia and Oceania, March 2013), Windows Phone (July 2013), Firefox OS (February 2014), iOS tablets (October 2014), and as a Chrome Browser Application (via the Chrome Web Store). The application also exists in versions for laptop and desktop computers using the Microsoft Windows and macOS platforms.. The application proved hugely popular, and by late October, LINE experienced an unexpected server overload. After concluding that the scalability process needed to be improved, NHN Japan chose to adopt HBase as the primary storage for user profiles, contacts, and groups. Within eighteen months of its release, LINE reached 100 million users; six months later, it reached 200 millionand by November 25, 2013, was used by 300 million users. On July 3, 2012, NHN Japan announced the new LINE features Home and Timeline....
As its competitor Kakao dominated the South Korean messaging market, Naver Corporation launched a messenger application NAVER Talk in February 2011 in South Korea. However, because the South Korean messaging market was dominated by Kakao, the business of NAVER Talk was suppressed. Naver Corporation was expanding their messaging application and targeted other countries' messaging markets which had not been developed yet. Naver Corporation released their messaging application, which changed its name to 'LINE', to the Japanese messaging market in 2011. As LINE became a huge success, finally NAVER combined NAVER Talk and LINE in March 2012. They changed NAVER's Japanese branch name from NHN JAPAN to LINE Corporation. LINE reached 100 million users within eighteen months and 200 million users only six months later. LINE became Japan's largest social network in 2013. In October 2014, LINE announced that it had attracted 560 million users worldwide with 170 million active user accounts. In...
Line began in Spring 2011 as a communication system for NHN Japan employees. It then saw explosive growth when released to the public in June of that year. By 18 January 2013, Line had been downloaded 100 million times worldwide. The number expanded to 140 million by early July 2013 and to 200 million by July 21. As of June 2016, Japan claimed 68 million users while Thailand had 33 million. As of February 2014, Indonesia had 20 million users, Taiwan 17 million, while India and Spain had 16 million each. NHN representatives announced plans to reach 300 million by further expansion in East Asia, Spain, and Chile. In April 2014, Naver announced that Line had reached 400 million worldwide users,and by 2017 this had grown to 700 million.
Line is an application that works on multiple platforms and has access via multiple personal computers (Windows or macOS). The application will also give an option of address book syncing. This application also has a feature to add friends through the use of QR codes, by Line ID, and by shaking phones simultaneously. The application has a direct pop-out message box for reading and replying to make it easy for users to communicate. It also can share photos, videos and music with other users, send the current or any specific location, voice audio, emojis, stickers and emoticons to friends. Users can see a real-time confirmation when messages are sent and received or use a hidden chat feature, which can hide and delete a chat history (from both involved devices and Line servers) after a time set by the user.The application also makes free voice and video calls. Users can also chat and share media in a group by creating and joining groups that have up to 500 people. Chats also provide b...
In 2015, a lower-overhead Android app was released for emerging markets called Line Lite. This supports messages and calls but not themes or timeline.It became available worldwide in August 2015.
For Asian countries.Line accounts can be accessed on only one mobile device (running the app version), plus one personal computer (running the version for those). Additional mobile devices can install the app but require different mobile numbers or e-mail addresses for the Line account. If "LINE Lite" for Android is installed and activated, the user is told they will be "logged out of the normal LINE". This message does not make clear that it is impossible to log back in to the normal LINE, and the normal LINE will delete all history data when next launched.
In August 2013, it was possible to intercept a Line chat session at the network level using packet capture software and to reconstruct it on a PC. Messages were sent in clear text to Line's server when on cellular data but encrypted when using Wi-Fi most of the time. Until February 2016, it was also possible to "clone" an iPhone from a backup, and then use the "cloned" iPhone to access the same Line account as used by the original iPhone. This loophole was widely rumored (but never proven) to have been used to intercept Line messages between the popular Japanese television personality Becky and her married romantic partner Enon Kawatani; the intercepted messages were published in the magazine Shukan Bunshunand led to the temporary suspension of Becky's television career. In July 2016, Line Corporation turned on end-to-end encryption by default for all Line users. It had earlier been available as an opt-in feature since October 2015. The app uses the ECDH protocol for client-to-clien...
Line suppressed content in China to conform with government censorship. Analysis by Citizen Labshowed that accounts registered with Chinese phone numbers download a list of banned words that cannot be sent or received through Line. Line publicly confirmed the practice in December 2013. However, by 2014, access to Line chat servers has been entirely blocked by the Great Firewall, while the company still makes revenue in China from brick-and-mortar stores. In Indonesia, Line has responded to pressure from the Indonesian Communication and Information Ministryto remove emojis and stickers it believes make reference to homosexuality, for example the emoji "two men holding hands". Line issued a public statement on the issue: "Line regrets the incidents of some stickers which are considered sensitive by many people. We ask for your understanding because at the moment we are working on this issue to remove the stickers". In Thailand, Line is suspected of responding to pressure from the Thai...
On November 20, 2012, Line was shown in Far East Movement's music video, featuring Sidney Samson, for the song "Change Your Life". DJ Virman is seen chatting with Sidney Samson at the middle of the music video. On December 16, 2012, the Line application was shown in American rap artist Big Sean's music video for the song "Guap". On May 16, 2014, Warner Music Italy released the music video for Italian singer Annalisa's "Sento solo il presente", in which the recording artist is seen using the Line application at the beginning of the video. In 2014, the LINE app was featured in Cycle 21 of America's Next Top Model. The app had a significant presence in the popular Korean TV drama My Love from the Star. The app is heavily featured in the visual novel Steins;Gate 0under the name "Rine". Naver Corporation and Mages also partnered during the Steins;Gate 5th Anniversary Goods Project. In the 2017 anime Tsuki ga Kirei, the Line app is the protagonists' main way of communication. The 2017 ori...
Line Friendsare featured characters that are shown in stickers of the application. They include Brown, Cony, Sally, James, Moon, Boss, Jessica, Edward, Leonard, Choco, Pangyo and Rangers. Two anime series, LINE OFFLINE and LINE TOWN, were produced in 2013, picturing the Line Friends as employees for the fictional Line Corporation.
On-demand assistant for food and messenger delivery services in Bangkok.
A video on demand service operating in Taiwan and Thailand.
This Kanji index method groups together the kanji that are written with the same number of strokes. Currently, there are 2,187 individual kanji listed. Characters followed by an alternate in (parentheses) indicate a difference between the ...
- Physical Attributes and Properties
- Directions (方) and Spatial Relationships
- Emotions and Senses
- Artificial Structures and Products
- Human Activities
黒 black;青 blue; 紅 crimson; 棕 / 褐 brown; 紺 dark blue; 金 gold; 緑 green; 灰 grey; 藍 indigo; 橙 orange; 粉 pink; 赤 red; 緋 scarlet; 銀 silver; 朱 vermilion; 紫 violet; 白 white; 黄 yellow; 彩 brightly coloured.
Form and Shape
角 angle; 弧 arc; 玉 ball; 枠 border, frame; 境 boundary; 円 circle; 丸 circular; 凹 concave; 凸 convex; 隅 corner; 曲 curve; 柄 design, pattern; 斜 diagonal; 縁 / 端 edge or border; 端 end, tip; 姿 figure; 巨 huge; 大 large; 線 line; 列 line, row; 並 line up; 長 long; 微 minute; 狭 narrow; 模 pattern; 周 perimeter; 環 / 輪 ring, surround; 短 short; 側 side; 小 small; 球 / 圏 sphere; 高 tall; 広 wide; 幅width
浄 clean;冷 / 寒 cold;濃 concentrated;湿 damp;深 deep;微 delicate;薄 dilute or thin;汚 dirty;干 / 乾 dry;太 fat or thick;緻 fine;固 firm or solid;艶 glossy;重 heavy;硬 hard;暑 / 熱 hot;軽 light (weight);液 liquid;潤 moist;浅 shallow;鋭 sharp;細 slender;軟 soft;粘 sticky;強 strong;厚 thick;温 / 暖 warm;弱 weak.
央 Centre;東 East;北 North;南 South;西 West; 後 back;間 between;底 bottom;遠 distant;下 down;前 front;入 in;内 inside;奥 interior;左 left;中 middle;近 near;出 out;外 outside;裏 rear;右 right;向 toward;上 up;浩 vast.
零 0;一 1;二 2;三 3;四 4;五 5;六 6;七 7;八 8;九 9;十 10;百 100;;千 1,000;万 10,000;億 100,000,000;兆 1,000,000,000,000.
後 after; 先 ahead, previous; 昔 antiquity; 前 before; 始 begin; 早 early; 終 end; 紀 era; 永 eternity; 旧 former; 曽 formerly; 間 interval of time; 遅 late; 久 long ago; 際 moment, occasion; 新 new今 now; 回 / 度 number of times; 古 / 老 old; 昨 previous time; 近 recent; 頃 time, about; 期 time period; 暫 a while; 若young;
欃 comet;食 eclipse;天 heaven, sky;月 moon;星 star;日 sun;宇 universe;空 void, sky.
Gas (气)気 air;窒 nitrogen;氧 oxygen;汽 steam or vapour. Liquid (液)酸 acid or vinegar;脂 fat or resin;油 oil;水 water. Solid (固)灰 ash;丹 cinnabar;炭 coal;銅 copper;晶 crystal;土 earth;地 ground;氷 ice;鉄 iron;玉 jewel;鉛 lead;金 metal or gold;泥 mud;鉱 ore;珠 pearl or jewel;銑 pig iron;塩 salt;砂 / 沙 sand;銀 silver;鋼 steel;石 stone;硫 sulphur;材 timber or material;錫 tin;鋅 zinc.
晴 clear or fine weather;候 climate;雲 cloud;曇 cloudy;冷 cold;霧 fog;霞 haze;霜 frost;雹 hail;熱 heat;閃 lightning;靄 mist;災 natural disaster;𠆭 overcast;雨 rain;虹 rainbow;雪 snow;嵐 storm;雷 thunder;風 wind. Other Natural Phenomena炎 / 焰 blaze or flame;暗 / 闇 / 冥 dark;露 dew;震 earthquake;電 electricity;火 fire;洪 flood;煙 fumes or smoke;光 / 明 light;磁 magnet;影 shadow;潮 tide;波 wave;渦 whirlpool;
者 person (usually with qualifier); 民 people; 私 / 僕 / 俺 I or me; 自 oneself; 己 oneself; 我 self, ego君 you; 子 child; 児 child; 童 juvenile; 徒 gang or junior; Male (雄)彼 he; 坊 boy, sonny; 郎 son, boy; 男 man; 翁 old man; Female (雌)嬢 young lady; 女 woman; 婆old woman;
Roles and status
主 master or husband; 夫 husband or man; 妻 wife; 婦 wife or lady; 王 king; 皇 emperor or sovereign; 帝 Mikado or emperor; 姫 princess; 媛 princess; 妃 princess, queen; 后 empress; 伯 earl, count; 侯 lord, marquis; 爵 noble rank; 士 man or gentleman; 方 honorable person; 漢 honorable man or Han person; 彦 boy, high-status man; 傑 great man; 紳 gentleman; 氏 courtesy title; 長 leader; 係 person in charge; 督 supervisor; 師 expert; 仲 intermediary; 使 messenger; 医 doctor; 友 friend; 僚 colleague; 輩 fellow, comrade; 客 guest...
名 name; 父 father; 母 mother; 親 parent; 嫁 wife, bride; 娘 daughter; 弟 younger brother; 妹 younger sister; 兄 older brother; 姉 older sister; 爺 grandfather; 婆 grandmother; 祖 ancestor; 孫 grandchild; 叔 aunt, uncle; 伯 aunt, uncle; 甥 nephew; 姪 niece; 婿 son-in-law, bridegroom; 昆 descendants; 戚 relatives; 婚 marry; 姻 matrimony; 嫡 legitimate wife/family; 寡widow
肉 flesh; 血 blood; 脈 vein; 筋 muscles; 骨 bone; 髄 marrow; 節 joint; 皮 / 膚 / 肌 skin; 皺 wrinkle; 腺gland
脳 brain; 髪 hair; 顔 face; 髭 beard; 額 forehead; 耳 ear; 目 eye; 眼 eyeball; 眉 eyebrow; 瞳 pupil; 鼻 nose; 顎 jaw; 口 mouth; 唇 lips; 歯 tooth; 舌 tongue; 頬 cheek; 頤 chin; 喉 throat; 咽throat;
Torso and organs
胴 torso; 背 back; 脊 backbone; 呂 backbone; 椎 backbone; 肋 rib; 胸 chest; 腹 stomach; 胃 stomach; 臍 navel; 腰 waist; 臓 entrails; 腸 intestines; 心 heart; 肺 lung; 肝 liver; 膵 pancreas; 腎 kidney; 胆 gall bladder; 肛 anus; 膣vagina
崇 / 慕 adoration or reverence;慈 affection or benevolence;怒 anger;煩 anxiety, annoyance;畏 apprehension;惑 bewilderment;迷 / 紛 confusion;楽 comfort;蔑 contempt;喜 / 歓 delight, joy;欲 desire;慌 disconcerting;嫌 dislike;疑 doubt or suspicion;惧 / 怖 dread;悦 ecstasy;妬 / 羨 / 嫉 envy, jealousy;慄 / 恐 / 虞 fear;娯 fun;戚 grief;幸 happy;憎 hate;憤 indignation;慶 jubilation;笑 laughter;好 like;寂 loneliness;憧 longing, yearning;愛 / 恋 love;愁 / 鬱 melancholy;気 mood;快 / ;傲 pride;惜 / 憾 regret;悔 remorse;恨 / 怨 resentment;恭 / 敬 respect...
to Hear (聞);聴 listen;音 sound;静 quiet; to See (見);盲 blind; to Smell (嗅);馝 aroma, strong fragrance;臭 bad smell;匂 fragrance;芳 fragrant;香 pleasant smell;辛 pungent; to Taste (味);辣 bitter;酸 sour;辣 spicy;甘 sweet; to Feel (触);
悪 bad;正 correct;良 / 善 good;理 reason;思 / 考 to think.
畿 capital;京 capital city;都 metropolis;街 city district;町 town;荘 villa;村 village;区 ward.
軸 axle;搭 to board or load;舟 boat;械 contraption;舶 oceangoing ship;力 power;乗 to ride;船 / 艇 ship;舷 sides of a boat.
装 attire;帯 belt;錦 brocade;襟 collar;綿 cotton;裾 cuff or hem;維 fibre;履 footwear;衣 garment;帽 hat;革 leather;縫 to sew;靴 shoes;絹 silk;袖 sleeve;紡 to spin or weave;糸 thread;巾 towel;着 to wear;織 to weave.
芸 art; 絵 picture, painting; 画 picture; 楽 music; 曲 musical composition; 歌 song; 謡 song, noh chant; 唄 song; 諧 harmony; 琴 cithare, harp; 笛 flute; 鼓 drum; 拍 clap, beat (music); 節 tune, melody; 詩 poetry; 詠 recite poetry; 俳 haiku; 劇 drama, play; 祭 festival; 校 school; 学 study, school; 生 student; 塾 private school; 科 faculty; 教 teach; 究 study, research; 研 study, research; 知 know; 卒 graduate; 儒Confucianism
Language (語) and Communication
言 say; 話 speak; 声 voice; 告 tell; 談 discuss; 聞 ask; 問 question; 答 answer; 吟 recite; 読 read; 書 write; 本 book; 文 text; 図 map, diagram; 筆 writing, brush; 字 character; 辞 word; 詞 words; 句 phrase; 記 written record; 刊 publish; 誌 document, journal; 訃 obituary; 信 message; 報 inform; 説 explain; 題 topic; 表 express; 伝 transmit; 論 discourse; 講 lecture; 宣proclaim
金 gold; 札 banknote; 円 yen; 幣 currency; 財 wealth; 富 rich; 買 buy; 購 purchase; 売 sell; 業 business, industry; 商 / 貿 trade; 販 marketing; 卸 wholesale; 払 pay; 貝 cowry (ancient Chinese currency); 貨 goods or property; 宝 treasure or wealth; 産 product; 工 manufacture; 価 / 値 price; 高 expensive; 安 / 廉 cheap; 資 capital; 賃 fee or wages; 料 fee; 費 expense; 営 management; 職 employment; 働 work; 稼 work, earn; 給 / 俸 salary; 償 recompense; 債 bond or debt; 貯 savings; 税 / 租 tax; 賦 installment or levy; 賄 / 賂 bribe; 賭gamble
List of characters For brevity, only one English translation is given per kanji. The "Grade" column specifies the grade in which the kanji is taught in Elementary schools in Japan.Grade "S" means that it is taught in ...