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- Education Programs
- Postdoctoral Scholars
- International Cooperation
Academia Sinica was founded in 1928 in Nanking, then capital of the Republic of China, with its first meeting held in Shanghai. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, it relocated to Taiwan, previously a Japanese colony that it acquired in 1945. In 1954, its main campus was constructed in Jiuzhuang[zh], Nangang, Taipei. The institutes at that time were Mathematics, Philology, and Botany. The second convocation was held in 1957. In the 2000s, many of the current institutes and research centers were established, partially through reorganization of old ones. Academia Sinica's first PhD program, the Taiwan International Graduate Program, was inaugurated in 2006.
As the most preeminent academic research institution in Taiwan, Academia Sinica is directly responsible to the Presidential Office, unlike other government-sponsored research institutes which are responsible to relevant Executive Yuanministries. Thus AS enjoys autonomy in formulating its own research objectives. In addition to academic research on various subjects in the sciences and humanities, its major tasks also include providing guidelines, channels of coordination, and incentives with a view to raising academic standards in the country.
The president of Academia Sinica is appointed by the President of ROC from three candidates recommended by the Council Meeting. The president of Academia Sinica must be an Academician. After the appointment, the president serves a five-year term and can serve up to two consecutive terms. Academia Sinica's current President is James C. Liao, a biochemist, who replaced Chi-Huey Wong, a biological chemist and the Parsons Foundation Professor and Chair of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the University of California, Los Angeles, as the 11th president on 21 June 2016. The list of past Presidents also includes Hu Shih, a philosopher and essayist, and a key contributor to Chinese liberalism and language reform in his advocacy for the use of vernacular Chinese, as well as an influential redology scholar and holder of the Jiaxu manuscript (Chinese: 甲戌本; pinyin: Jiǎxū běn) until his death. The fifth president, Yuan T. Lee, won the Nobel Prize in Chemistryfor "contri...
The Convocation of Academia Sinica consists of 281 Academicians, including 105 domestic and 176 overseas appointed scientists. Seven Academicians of Academia Sinica are Nobel laureates.Academician membership is an honorary lifetime privilege without remuneration. They do not necessarily perform research or reside at the Academia Sinica campus. According to their own expertise, academicians are grouped into three divisions: Mathematics and Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, and Social Sciences and Humanities. A maximum number of ten new members is allocated to each of the three divisions during the biennial convocation. The eligibility of the academicians is not restricted to the residents of Taiwan or Republic of China citizens. More than half of the academicians are overseas scholars and scientists. At the convocation, the academicians elect new academicians and honorary academicians, and elect members to the Council of Academia Sinica. The convocation can also recommend policies to...
Academicians are elected annually, with nominations open in July and ending in October.Outcome of election to academicians are publicly announced in July the following year.Candidates who are not Taiwanese are elected as Foreign members of the academy. Election to the academy is regarded a national honor in Taiwan.
Academia Sinica has its main campus located in Nangang, Taipei, and runs over 40 research stations distributed across the country and throughout the world.
Institutes and research centers
Similar to the Max Planck Institutes of Germany,Taiwan's Academia Sinica covers three major academic divisions: 1. Life Science Road (from right to left: Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Molecular Biology, and Institute of Biological Chemistry). 2. Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology and Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center. 3. Institute of Information Science. 4. Institute of Chemistry. 5. Genomics Research Center. 6. Institute of Biomedical Sciences.
The research stations in Taiwan include: 1. Southern Taiwan Science ParkArchaeological Station (南科考古工作站) 2. Green IslandMarine Station (綠島海洋研究站) 3. Yuanyang Lake Station (鴛鴦湖工作站), Jianshi, Hsinchu 4. Marine Research Station, Jiaosi, Yilan(宜蘭礁溪臨海研究站) 5. Dongsha Atoll Research Station, Kaohsiung(東沙環礁研究站) The research sites abroad include: 1. Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), Luzon, the Philippines 2. Sesoko Station, Okinawa, Japan 3. Yuan Tseh Lee Array (YTLA), Mauna Loa, Hawaii, Unite...
High school program
Academia Sinica also offers a three-year program for gifted and talented high school students interested in the biological sciences. To enroll, students must first pass an entrance exam at the start of 10th grade (first year for Taiwanese senior high schools). During 10th grade, students attend expert lectures and visit the various laboratories on campus. During 11th and 12th grade, students enter a lab of their choice and gain hands-on experience in the various fields of biological sciences....
Academia Sinica has a high number of both domestic and international postdoctoral fellows. They are funded by grants of Ministry of Science and Technology (Taiwan) or by Academia Sinica. The latter, the Academia Sinica Postdoctoral Fellow Program, consists of two tracks: Regular Postdoctoral Scholars (starting annual salary: NT$810,351 (US$28,100), additional benefits depending on the principal investigator) and Academia Sinica Postdoctoral Scholars (annual salary up to NT$ 1,167,278 (US$40,000), plus round-trip ticket and research subsidy of US$4,500)
The institute has extensive cooperation with research and academic institutions from other countries (such as Harvard-Yenching Institute) and hosts several foreign institutes and their scholars.