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  1. Shipping Wars. Shipping Wars is a reality television series that aired on A&E from January 10, 2012 to April 29, 2015. Season 9 premiered on November 30, 2021 with a new cast of shippers. [1] [2] The show follows various independent shippers who have discovered that money can be made transporting large/bulky/unusual items that traditional ...

    • January 10, 2012 –, present
    • A&E
  2. Shipping line. Container ships are used by shipping lines to transport cargo. A shipping line or shipping company is a company whose line of business is ownership and operation of ships . Shipping companies provide a method of distinguishing ships by different kinds of cargo: Bulk cargo is a type of special cargo that is delivered and handled ...

    • Predecessors
    • History
    • Cosco Shipping Holdings
    • See Also


    China Ocean Shipping (Group) Company, founded in 1961 and headquartered in Beijing, was a Chinese state-owned multinational transportation conglomerate. It was the largest dry bulk carrier in China and one of the largest dry bulk shipping operators worldwide. In addition, the Group is the largest liner carrier in China. Its container shipping subsidiary – COSCO Container Lines– was one of the world's top 10 container carriers in terms of fleet capacity. COSCO was among China's top 15 brands i...

    China Shipping

    China Shipping (Group) Company was founded in 1997 and was headquartered in Shanghai. The group was a Chinese state-owned multinational transportation conglomerate. By May 2014, China Shipping's container shipping subsidiary – China Shipping Container Lines – operated 156 container vessels with 656,000 TEU capacity. China Shipping Container Lines' container ship CSCL Globe was the world largest in 2014. China Shipping's other subsidiaries operated oil tankers, tramps, passenger ships, and car...

    In January 2016, the Chinese State Council approved the merger of COSCO and China Shipping, forming COSCO Shipping. The merger – which occurred during a downturn in the marine transportation industry – sought to achieve economies of scale.The merger was also part of a Chinese government strategy to restructure its state-owned shipping sector. Short...

    COSCO Shipping Holdings Co., Ltd. , formerly China COSCO Holdings Company Limited was established in the People's Republic of China in 2005. It is the listed flagship and a subsidiary of China Ocean Shipping (Group) Company ("COSCO Group"), the largest integrated shippingcompany in China and the second largest in the world. China COSCO Holdings pro...

  3. › wiki › Bulk_carrierBulk carrier - Wikipedia

    • Definition
    • History
    • Categories
    • Fleet Characteristics
    • Operation
    • Architecture
    • Safety
    • See Also
    • References
    • External Links

    The term bulk carrier has been defined in varying ways. As of 1999, the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea defines a bulk carrier as "a ship constructed with a single deck, top side tanks and hopper side tanks in cargo spaces and intended to primarily carry dry cargo in bulk; an ore carrier; or a combination carrier." Most class...

    Before specialized bulk carriers were developed, shippers had two methods to move bulk goods by ship. In the first method, longshoremen loaded the cargo into sacks, stacked the sacks onto pallets, and put the pallets into the cargo hold with a crane. The second method required the shipper to charter an entire ship and spend time and money to build ...

    Size categories

    Bulk carriers are segregated into six major size categories: small, handysize, handymax, panamax, capesize, and very large.Very large bulk and ore carriers fall into the capesize category but are often considered separately.

    The world's bulk transport has reached immense proportions: in 2005, 1.7 billion metric tons of coal, iron ore, grain, bauxite, and phosphate was transported by ship. Today, the world's bulk carrier fleet includes 6,225 ships of over 10,000 DWT, and represent 40% of all ships in terms of tonnage and 39.4% in terms of vessels. Including smaller ship...


    The crew on a bulk carrier typically consists of 20 to 30 people, though smaller ships can be handled by 8. The crew includes the captain or master, the deck department, the engine department, and the steward's department. The practice of taking passengersaboard cargo ships, once almost universal, is very rare today and almost non-existent on bulk carriers. During the 1990s, bulk carriers were involved in an alarming number of shipwrecks. This led ship-owners to commission a study seeking to...


    A bulk carrier's voyages are determined by market forces; routes and cargoes often vary. A ship may engage in the grain trade during the harvest season and later move on to carry other cargoes or work on a different route. Aboard a coastal carrier in the tramp trade, the crew will often not know the next port of call until the cargo is fully loaded. Because bulk cargo is so difficult to discharge, bulk carriers spend more time in port than other ships. A study of mini-bulk carriers found that...

    Loading and unloading

    Loading and unloading a bulk carrier is time-consuming and dangerous. The process is planned by the ship's chief mate under the direct and continued supervision of ship's captain. International regulations require that the captain and terminal master agree on a detailed plan before operations begin. Deck officers and stevedoresoversee the operations. Occasionally loading errors are made that cause a ship to capsize or break in half at the pier. The loading method used depends on both the carg...

    A bulk carrier's design is largely defined by the cargo it will carry. The cargo's density, also known as its stowage factor, is the key factor. Densities for common bulk cargoes vary from 0.6 tons per cubic meter for light grains to 3 tons per cubic meter for iron ore. The overall cargo weight is the limiting factor in the design of an ore carrier...

    The 1980s and 1990s were a very unsafe time for bulk carriers. Many bulk carriers sank during this time; 99 were lost between 1990 and 1997 alone. Most of these sinkings were sudden and quick, making it impossible for the crew to escape: more than 650 sailors were lost during this same period. Due partly to the sinking of MV Derbyshire, a series of...

    Autoridad del Canal de Panamá (2005). MR Notice to Shipping Number N-1-2005 (PDF). Notices to Shipping. Balboa-Ancon: Autoridad del Canal de Panamá. pp. 11–12. Retrieved 1 April 2008.
    Bliault, Charles; Jonas, Martin; The North of England P&I Association (2016). Bulk Cargoes: A Guide to Good Practice (First ed.). UK: The North of England P&I Association. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-957493...
    Frankel, Ernst G. (1985). Bulk Shipping and Terminal Logistics. Washington, D.C., U.S.A.: World Bank. ISBN 0-8213-0531-X.
    George, William (2005). Stability and Trim for the Ship's Officer. Centreville, MD: Cornell Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-87033-564-8.
    • Background
    • The Wartime Fleet
    • The Post-War Years
    • Managed Vessels
    • Liquidation and Aftermath
    • See Also
    • References and Sources

    Ireland had declared its neutrality when hostilities broke out and in the early years of the war much of its food needs were carried on board Allied vessels. The Irish government realised that they needed to be more independent and self-sufficient. In February 1941, Seán Lemass, the Minister for Suppliesstated that "The creation of an Irish mercant...

    Ships of all forms and in all conditions were a very scarce resource during the early years of the war. The company management took control of whatever tonnage, in whatever condition, they could lay their hands on. Its first ship was the Irish Poplar which was located in Avilés, Spain, as the Greek-flagged Vassilios Destounis. It had been abandoned...

    Ships acquired in 1948

    As most of the original tonnage was in poor condition, in 1946 the company placed orders for eight vessels with British yards. 1. Irish Rosenew build (1948–1954) 2. Irish Willownew build (1948–1954) 3. Irish Pinenew build (1948–1965)

    Ships acquired in the 1950s

    Several vessels of different types were delivered in the early 1950s, Irish Oak, was a near sister to the 1948 Irish Pine. Both of these vessels were steamships, with triple-expansion reciprocating engines, converted to motor vessels in the mid fifties and powered by Doxforddiesel engines. 1. Irish Elm, c.1953, steam triple expansion, 1953 to 1953 2. Irish Hazel, c. 1952, (1950? to 1960) Two sisterships were delivered in 1952 and 1954: 1. Irish Heather1952 to 1964 2. Irish Fern1954 to 1964 Th...

    Ships acquired in the 1960s

    Two steam turbine ships were owned and operated: 1. Irish Spruce, 1957–1972 2. Irish Poplar, 1956–1972 Due to the sharp increase in the price of oil and the greater thermal efficiencies of diesel engines, these were the last two steam powered ships to be operated by Irish Shipping.Note: Both of these vessels were acquired in the 1950s, not the 1960s the Poplar in 1956 and the Sprucein 1957, built to order for Irish Shipping, and had refrigerated cargo spaces for the carriage of frozen meat. T...

    The Rock Boats

    1. Daunt Rock 2. Skellig Rock 3. Tuskar Rock 4. Fastnet Rock

    Other managed vessels

    1. Lough Beltra 2. Asgard II

    On 14 November 1984, the Irish government surprised most observers by placing Irish Shipping Ltd into liquidation. Maurice Tempany, a senior partner at Ernst & Young was appointed as official liquidator. He quickly set about laying-off the staff and making preparations for the sale of the ships. With four ships still owned by the company – Irish Ma...

    Legislation relating to Irish Shipping Ltd

    1. Acts of the Oireachtas – The Parliament of Ireland 2. No. 10/1994: Irish Shipping Limited (Payments to Former Employees) Act, 1994 3. No. 8/1984: Irish Shipping Limited (Amendment) Act, 1984 4. No. 8/1982: Irish Shipping Limited Act, 1982 5. No. 39/1980: Irish Shipping Limited (Amendment) Act, 1980 6. No. 3/1959: Irish Shipping Limited (Amendment) Act, 1959 7. No. 37/1947: Irish Shipping Limited Act, 1947


    1. Spong, H C (1982). Irish Shipping Ltd. Kendal: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-20-7. 2. Forde, Frank (2000) [1981]. The Long Watch. Dublin: New Island Books. ISBN 1-902602-42-0. 3. Irish Shipping Ltd. Signal. Company In-House Publication.

  4. COVID-19 recession. On 20 February 2020, stock markets across the world suddenly crashed after growing instability due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It ended on 7 April 2020. Beginning on 13 May 2019, the yield curve on U.S. Treasury securities inverted, [1] and remained so until 11 October 2019, when it reverted to normal. [2]

  5. › wiki › RusLineRusLine - Wikipedia

    30. Headquarters. Moscow, Russia. Website. RusLine ( Russian: Авиакомпания «РусЛайн», Aviakompanija «RusLajn») is a regional airline from Russia, which operates mostly domestic regional flights, as well as holiday charters. Its headquarters are located in the Omega Plaza (Омега Плаза) business ...

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