Standard Mandarin. Hanyu Pinyin. Hóngxī Dì. IPA. [xʊ̌ŋ.ɕí tî] The Hongxi Emperor (16 August 1378 – 29 May 1425), personal name Zhu Gaochi (朱高熾), was the fourth Emperor of the Ming dynasty, reigned from 1424 to 1425. He succeeded his father, the Yongle Emperor, in 1424. His era name "Hongxi" means "vastly bright".
Ju Jeung-nyeo. McCune–Reischauer. Chu Chung-ryo. Ju Jeung-ryu (February 11, 1926 – 1980) was South Korean actress whose fame peaked in the 1950s and 1960s. She starred in about 400 films. Ju was born in Yonghung, Hamkyongnam-do, nowadays in North Korea. While attending Hamnam Girls' High School, Ju became an ardent play fan.
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Although Pigpen might be regarded as a fun cipher to use, it offers almost no security at all. Its use of symbols instead of letters in no way impedes cryptanalysis, and this cipher is not otherwise different from any other simple monoalphabetic substitution cipher. Worse, because it is both very well-known and instantly recognizable, it is arguabl...
The cipher is believed to be an ancient cipher and is said to have originated with the Hebrew rabbis.Thompson writes that, “there is evidence that suggests that the Knights Templar utilized a pig-pen cipher” during the Christian Crusades. Parrangan & Parrangan write that it was used by an individual, who may have been a Mason, “in the 16th century ...
Using the Pigpen cipher key shown in the example above, the message "X MARKS THE SPOT" is rendered in ciphertext as
The core elements of this system are the grid and dots. Some systems use the X's, but even these can be rearranged. One commonly used method orders the symbols as shown in the above image: grid, grid, X, X. Another commonly used system orders the symbols as grid, X, grid, X. Another is grid, grid, grid, with each cell having a letter of the alphabe...Barker, Wayne G., ed. (1978). The History of Codes and Ciphers in the United States Prior to World War I. Aegean Park Press. ISBN 0-89412-026-3.Gardner, Martin (1972). Codes, ciphers and secret writing. ISBN 0-486-24761-9.Kahn, David (1996). The Codebreakers. The Story of Secret Writing. Scribner. ISBN 0-684-83130-9.
- Early Life
- Indochina 1950–54
Gaucher graduated from the French military academy at Saint-Cyr in 1929 and was commissioned as a Sous-lieutenant (2nd Lieutenant). He was posted to French Algeria and served as an officer with the Régiment de Tirailleurs Algériens from 1929 to 1931. He transferred to the Foreign Legion in 1931 and served in North Africa with the 1st Foreign Legion...
Gaucher was appointed to command of 3rd battalion of 13th demi-brigade (III/13e DBLE) in 1949 and returned to Indochina at the head of his battalion in 1950 as part of the French Far East Expeditionary Corps to participate in the First Indochina War. Under his command, III/13e DBLE served throughout Indochina – notably in the Delta (1951) and at th...Fall, Bernard B. 1966 (2002). Hell in a Very Small Place: The Siege of Dien Bien Phu. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81157-XMorgan, Ted. Valley of Death: The Tragedy at Dien Bien Phu That Led America into the Vietnam War, Random House. ISBN 1-4000-6664-6Windrow, Martin. 2004. The Last Valley. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81386-6
UDSM (LL.B) Indian Academy of International Law and Diplomacy (PGDip) Juma Volter Mwapachu (born 27 September 1942 in Mwanza, Tanzania) is a Tanzanian politician and former Secretary General of the East African Community. He replaced Amanya Mushega of Uganda who completed his five-year term on March 24, 2006.
Allmusic.  Song for Juli is the fourth solo album by singer-songwriter and former Youngblood Jesse Colin Young. The album had a higher chart placing than any of the Youngbloods albums, and stayed on the charts longer than any other album he ever made. Several of the songs include allusions to Young's ridgetop home in Inverness, California on ...