The following is a list of sites in Jinan.It contains sites of natural, cultural, economic, political, or historical significance in the City of Jinan, Shandong, China.The geographical area covered by this list includes not only the urban area ...
- Landscape and Geology
- Flora and Fauna
- Historical and Cultural Sites
- See Also
- External Links
This mountain range was originally called "Grass Mountain" (Chinese: 草山; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chháu-soaⁿ) during the Qing Dynasty, in reference to the Datun Mountain (大屯山; Tōa-tūn-soaⁿ).Officials during this period were worried about thieves stealing sulfur from the rich sulfur deposits in the area, so they would regularly set fire to the mountain. Thus, only grass and no trees could be seen. Daiton National Park[ja], Taiwan's first national park, was established on 27 December 1937. It was one of three national parks designated by Governor-General of Taiwan Seizō Kobayashi during Japanese rule. In 1950, President Chiang Kai-shek renamed Grass Mountain to Yangmingshan to commemorate the Ming Dynasty scholar Wang Yangming. In 1962, the then Taiwan Provincial Bureau of Public Works began to plan the Yangmingshan National Park. The initial planning area was 28,400 hectares, including Mount Kwan-in and the Tatun Volcano Group.
Different from the high mountain national parks, Yangmingshan National Park has a lower elevation. Even though mountain elevations range from only 200–1120 meters, beautiful landscapes such as ridges, valleys, lakes, waterfalls and basins are abundant. Andesite rocks make up most of the area's geology.
Xiaoyoukeng is a post-volcanic geological landscape area located in the north of Taiwan in Yangmingshan National Park at the northwestern foot of Seven Star Mountain. It is approximately 805 meters above sea level and is famed for the fumaroles, sulfur crystals, hot springsand spectacular 'landslide terrain' formed by post-volcanic activity. Hiking trails to Seven Star Mountain are accessible from the Xiaoyoukeng parking lot. The top of the trail is 1,120 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak of Taipei City. The Xiaoyoukeng trail can connect to Qixing Park, Menghuan Pond, and Lengshuikeng. The trail also connects to visitor center, Yangmingshan Second Parking Lot and the Yangmingshan Bus Station.
Due to the effects of post-volcanic activity and precipitation, soil in the region is highly acidic. With the influence of the northeast monsoon and the area's microclimates, winter temperatures are much lower than the surrounding areas. The above factors cause the vegetation to differ from those in other regions at the same latitude. Some medium and high altitude plants can be found here such as bird-lime tree and hairy Japanese maple. Vegetation groups can be divided into subtropical monsoon rain forests, temperate evergreen broadleaf forests and mountain ridge grasslands. There are 1360 species of vascular bundle plants in the region. Some of the common ones are red nanmu, large-leaved machilus, Formosan sweet gum, Taiwan cherry, Mori cleyera and dark spotted cherry. The most famous is Taiwan isoetes in Menghuan pond, an aquatic fern only found in Taiwan. Mt. Datun is one of the most well known places to see some of the 168 species of butterflies in northern Taiwan. The best time...
Chinese Culture University
The school was founded in 1962. The founder Dr. Zhang Qiyun and the Chinese Culture Foundation Committee originally proposed the school to be called "Far Eastern University". After a letter from the previous President Jiang Gong, he suggested that it be changed to "Chinese Cultural Institute". In 1963, 15 departments of the day department of the University Department began to enroll students, and then 4 departments of the night department were established and renamed "Chinese Culture College"...
Chung-Shan Building - Meeting place of the now defunct National Assembly of the Republic of China
During the administration of President Chiang Kai-shek, the Chung-Shan Building in Yangmingshan National Park was built in 1965 to honor the centenary birthday of Sun Yat-sen, the country's founding father. Ms. Xiu Zelan, a well-known architect, designed it. It is surrounded by mountains and is surrounded by flora. The exterior is a typical Chinese classical structure with exquisite and precise interior décor. It was once the home of the National Assembly and a popular location for heads of s...
Grass Mountain Chateau - Summer residence of Chiang Kai-shek
Grass Mountain is a valley area surrounded by Datun Mountain, Qixing Mountain, and Shamao Mountain, but it is not a mountain. The Grass Mountain Hotel was formerly the guest home of Taiwan Sugar Corporation, and Jiang Gong moved in when the Nationalist Government moved to Taiwan in 1949. The hotel is positioned on a strategic high point of a grassy mountain and is quiet and pleasant. In front of you, the Keelung River and the Danshui River meet. The natural splendor may be seen from the Guand...
- Applications and Limitations
- List of The 1,850 Tōyō Kanji
- See Also
- External Links
Thousands of kanji characters were in use in various writing systems, leading to great difficulties for those learning written Japanese. Additionally, several characters had identical meanings but were written differently from each other, further increasing complexity. After World War II, the Ministry of Education decided to minimize the number of kanji by choosing the most commonly used kanji, along with simplified kanji (see Shinjitai) commonly appearing in contemporary literature, to form the tōyō kanji. This was an integral part of the postwar reform of Japanese national writing. This was meant as a preparation for re-introducing their previous unsuccessful reform abolishing Chinese characters. Although the postwar timing meant no public debate was held on the future of the Japanese written language, the defenders of the original kanji system considered and accepted the tōyō kanji as a reasonable compromise. Since this compromise could not then be withdrawn in favour of more rad...
In addition to a list of the standardized tōyō kanji, the reform published by the Ministry for Education in 1946 also contains a set of guidelines for their use. Regarding provenance and scope, the foreword of the document states that: 1. The table of tōyō kanji put forth therein, are the selection of kanji recommended for use by the general public, including legal and governmental documents, newspapers, and magazines. 2. The presented kanji are selected as an approximate set of those characters found to be of no insignificant utility in the lives of today's Japanese citizens. 3. Concerning proper nouns, there is a wide range of usage beyond what may be formulated as rules, and consequently they are treated as outside the scope of this standard. 4. The simplified character forms from modern custom are taken as the proper form, and their original forms are provided alongside them for reference. 5. A systemization of the character forms and their readings is still under consideration...
Because the majority of character-based words are composed of two (or more) kanji, many words were left with one character included in the Tōyō kanji, and the other character missing. In this case, the recommendation was to write the included part in kanji and the excluded part in kana, e.g. ふ頭 for 埠頭 and 危ぐ for 危惧. These words were called mazegaki(交ぜ書き, "mixed characters").
Bold in 1981 and 2010 year added kanji 一 丁 七 丈 三 上 下 不 且 世 丘 丙 中 丸 丹 主 久 乏 乗 乙 九 乳 乾 乱 了 事 二 互 五 井 亜 亡 交 享 京 人 仁 今 介 仕 他 付 代 令 以 仰 仲 件 任 企 伏 伐 休 伯 伴 伸 伺 似 但 位 低 住 佐 何 仏 作 佳 使 来 例 侍 供 依 侮 侯 侵 便 係 促 俊 俗 保 信 修 俳 俵 併 倉 個 倍 倒 候 借 倣 値 倫 仮 偉 偏 停 健 側 偶 傍 傑 備 催 伝 債 傷 傾 働 像 僚 偽 僧 価 儀 億 倹 儒 償 優 元 兄 充 兆 先 光 克 免 児 入 内 全 両 八 公 六 共 兵 具 典 兼 冊 再 冒 冗 冠 冬 冷 准 凍 凝 凡 凶 出 刀 刃 分 切 刈 刊 刑 列 初 判 別 利 到 制 刷 券 刺 刻 則 削 前 剖 剛 剰 副 割 創 劇 剤 剣 力 功 加 劣 助 努 効 劾 勅 勇 勉 動 勘 務 勝 労 募 勢 勤 勲 励 勧 勺 匁 包 化 北 匠 匹 匿 区 十 千 升 午 半 卑 卒 卓 協 南 博 占 印 危 却 卵 巻 卸 即 厘 厚 原 去 参 又 及 友 反 叔 取 受 口 古 句 叫 召 可 史 右 司 各 合 吉 同 名 后 吏 吐 向 君 吟 否 含 呈 呉 吸 吹 告 周 味 呼 命 和 咲 哀 品 員 哲 唆 唐 唯 唱 商 問 啓 善 喚 喜 喪 喫 単 嗣 嘆 器 噴 嚇 厳 嘱 囚 四 回 因 困 固 圏 国 囲 園 円 図 団 土 在 地 坂 均 坊 坑 坪 垂 型 埋 城 域 執 培 基 堂 堅 堤 堪 報 場 塊 塑 塔 塗 境 墓 墜 増 墨 堕 墳 墾 壁 壇 圧 塁 壊 士 壮 壱 寿 夏 夕 外 多 夜 夢 大 天 太 夫 央 失 奇 奉 奏 契 奔 奥 奪 奨 奮 女 奴 好 如 妃 妊 妙 妥 妨 妹 妻 姉 始 姓 委 姫 姻 姿 威 娘 娯 娠 婆 婚 婦 婿 媒 嫁 嫡 嬢 子 孔 字 存 孝 季 孤 孫 学 宅 宇 守 安 完 宗 官 宙 定 宜 客 宣 室 宮 宰 害 宴 家 容 宿 寂 寄 密 富 寒 察 寡 寝 実 寧 審 写 寛 寮 宝 寸 寺 封 射 将 専 尉 尊 尋 対 導 小 少 就 尺 尼 尾 尿 局 居 届 屈...Pronunciation of the Kanji (in Japanese)[dead link]
This Kanji index method groups together the kanji that are written with the same number of strokes. Currently, there are 2,207 individual kanji listed. Characters followed by an alternate in (parentheses) indicate a difference between the ...
- Physical Attributes and Properties
- Directions (方) and Spatial Relationships
- Emotions and Senses
- Artificial Structures and Products
- Human Activities
黒 black;青 blue; 紅 crimson; 棕 / 褐 brown; 紺 dark blue; 金 gold; 緑 green; 灰 grey; 藍 indigo; 橙 orange; 粉 pink; 赤 red; 緋 scarlet; 銀 silver; 朱 vermilion; 紫 violet; 白 white; 黄 yellow; 彩 brightly coloured.
Form and Shape
角 angle; 弧 arc; 玉 ball; 枠 border, frame; 境 boundary; 円 circle; 丸 circular; 凹 concave; 凸 convex; 隅 corner; 曲 curve; 柄 design, pattern; 斜 diagonal; 縁 / 端 edge or border; 端 end, tip; 姿 figure; 巨 huge; 大 large; 線 line; 列 line, row; 並 line up; 長 long; 微 minute; 狭 narrow; 模 pattern; 周 perimeter; 環 / 輪 ring, surround; 短 short; 側 side; 小 small; 球 / 圏 sphere; 高 tall; 広 wide; 幅width
浄 clean;冷 / 寒 cold;濃 concentrated;湿 damp;深 deep;微 delicate;薄 dilute or thin;汚 dirty;干 / 乾 dry;太 fat or thick;緻 fine;固 firm or solid;艶 glossy;重 heavy;硬 hard;暑 / 熱 hot;軽 light (weight);液 liquid;潤 moist;浅 shallow;鋭 sharp;細 slender;軟 soft;粘 sticky;強 strong;厚 thick;温 / 暖 warm;弱 weak.
央 Centre;東 East;北 North;南 South;西 West; 後 back;間 between;底 bottom;遠 distant;下 down;前 front;入 in;内 inside;奥 interior;左 left;中 middle;近 near;出 out;外 outside;裏 rear;右 right;向 toward;上 up;浩 vast.
零 0;一 1;二 2;三 3;四 4;五 5;六 6;七 7;八 8;九 9;十 10;百 100;;千 1,000;万 10,000;億 100,000,000;兆 1,000,000,000,000.
後 after; 先 ahead, previous; 昔 antiquity; 前 before; 始 begin; 早 early; 終 end; 紀 era; 永 eternity; 旧 former; 曽 formerly; 間 interval of time; 遅 late; 久 long ago; 際 moment, occasion; 新 new今 now; 回 / 度 number of times; 古 / 老 old; 昨 previous time; 近 recent; 頃 time, about; 期 time period; 暫 a while; 若young;
欃 comet;食 eclipse;天 heaven, sky;月 moon;星 star;日 sun;宇 universe;空 void, sky.
Gas (气)気 air;窒 nitrogen;氧 oxygen;汽 steam or vapour. Liquid (液)酸 acid or vinegar;脂 fat or resin;油 oil;水 water. Solid (固)灰 ash;丹 cinnabar;炭 coal;銅 copper;晶 crystal;土 earth;地 ground;氷 ice;鉄 iron;玉 jewel;鉛 lead;金 metal or gold;泥 mud;鉱 ore;珠 pearl or jewel;銑 pig iron;塩 salt;砂 / 沙 sand;銀 silver;鋼 steel;石 stone;硫 sulphur;材 timber or material;錫 tin;鋅 zinc.
晴 clear or fine weather;候 climate;雲 cloud;曇 cloudy;冷 cold;霧 fog;霞 haze;霜 frost;雹 hail;熱 heat;閃 lightning;靄 mist;災 natural disaster;𠆭 overcast;雨 rain;虹 rainbow;雪 snow;嵐 storm;雷 thunder;風 wind. Other Natural Phenomena炎 / 焰 blaze or flame;暗 / 闇 / 冥 dark;露 dew;震 earthquake;電 electricity;火 fire;洪 flood;煙 fumes or smoke;光 / 明 light;磁 magnet;影 shadow;潮 tide;波 wave;渦 whirlpool;
者 person (usually with qualifier); 民 people; 私 / 僕 / 俺 I or me; 自 oneself; 己 oneself; 我 self, ego君 you; 子 child; 児 child; 童 juvenile; 徒 gang or junior; Male (雄)彼 he; 坊 boy, sonny; 郎 son, boy; 男 man; 翁 old man; Female (雌)嬢 young lady; 女 woman; 婆old woman;
Roles and status
主 master or husband; 夫 husband or man; 妻 wife; 婦 wife or lady; 王 king; 皇 emperor or sovereign; 帝 Mikado or emperor; 姫 princess; 媛 princess; 妃 princess, queen; 后 empress; 伯 earl, count; 侯 lord, marquis; 爵 noble rank; 士 man or gentleman; 方 honorable person; 漢 honorable man or Han person; 彦 boy, high-status man; 傑 great man; 紳 gentleman; 氏 courtesy title; 長 leader; 係 person in charge; 督 supervisor; 師 expert; 仲 intermediary; 使 messenger; 医 doctor; 友 friend; 僚 colleague; 輩 fellow, comrade; 客 guest...
名 name; 父 father; 母 mother; 親 parent; 嫁 wife, bride; 娘 daughter; 弟 younger brother; 妹 younger sister; 兄 older brother; 姉 older sister; 爺 grandfather; 婆 grandmother; 祖 ancestor; 孫 grandchild; 叔 aunt, uncle; 伯 aunt, uncle; 甥 nephew; 姪 niece; 婿 son-in-law, bridegroom; 昆 descendants; 戚 relatives; 婚 marry; 姻 matrimony; 嫡 legitimate wife/family; 寡widow
肉 flesh; 血 blood; 脈 vein; 筋 muscles; 骨 bone; 髄 marrow; 節 joint; 皮 / 膚 / 肌 skin; 皺 wrinkle; 腺gland
脳 brain; 髪 hair; 顔 face; 髭 beard; 額 forehead; 耳 ear; 目 eye; 眼 eyeball; 眉 eyebrow; 瞳 pupil; 鼻 nose; 顎 jaw; 口 mouth; 唇 lips; 歯 tooth; 舌 tongue; 頬 cheek; 頤 chin; 喉 throat; 咽throat;
Torso and organs
胴 torso; 背 back; 脊 backbone; 呂 backbone; 椎 backbone; 肋 rib; 胸 chest; 腹 stomach; 胃 stomach; 臍 navel; 腰 waist; 臓 entrails; 腸 intestines; 心 heart; 肺 lung; 肝 liver; 膵 pancreas; 腎 kidney; 胆 gall bladder; 肛 anus; 膣vagina
崇 / 慕 adoration or reverence;慈 affection or benevolence;怒 anger;煩 anxiety, annoyance;畏 apprehension;惑 bewilderment;迷 / 紛 confusion;楽 comfort;蔑 contempt;喜 / 歓 delight, joy;欲 desire;慌 disconcerting;嫌 dislike;疑 doubt or suspicion;惧 / 怖 dread;悦 ecstasy;妬 / 羨 / 嫉 envy, jealousy;慄 / 恐 / 虞 fear;娯 fun;戚 grief;幸 happy;憎 hate;憤 indignation;慶 jubilation;笑 laughter;好 like;寂 loneliness;憧 longing, yearning;愛 / 恋 love;愁 / 鬱 melancholy;気 mood;快 / ;傲 pride;惜 / 憾 regret;悔 remorse;恨 / 怨 resentment;恭 / 敬 respect...
to Hear (聞);聴 listen;音 sound;静 quiet; to See (見);盲 blind; to Smell (嗅);馝 aroma, strong fragrance;臭 bad smell;匂 fragrance;芳 fragrant;香 pleasant smell;辛 pungent; to Taste (味);辣 bitter;酸 sour;辣 spicy;甘 sweet; to Feel (触);
悪 bad;正 correct;良 / 善 good;理 reason;思 / 考 to think.
畿 capital;京 capital city;都 metropolis;街 city district;町 town;荘 villa;村 village;区 ward.
軸 axle;搭 to board or load;舟 boat;械 contraption;舶 oceangoing ship;力 power;乗 to ride;船 / 艇 ship;舷 sides of a boat.
装 attire;帯 belt;錦 brocade;襟 collar;綿 cotton;裾 cuff or hem;維 fibre;履 footwear;衣 garment;帽 hat;革 leather;縫 to sew;靴 shoes;絹 silk;袖 sleeve;紡 to spin or weave;糸 thread;巾 towel;着 to wear;織 to weave.
芸 art; 絵 picture, painting; 画 picture; 楽 music; 曲 musical composition; 歌 song; 謡 song, noh chant; 唄 song; 諧 harmony; 琴 cithare, harp; 笛 flute; 鼓 drum; 拍 clap, beat (music); 節 tune, melody; 詩 poetry; 詠 recite poetry; 俳 haiku; 劇 drama, play; 祭 festival; 校 school; 学 study, school; 生 student; 塾 private school; 科 faculty; 教 teach; 究 study, research; 研 study, research; 知 know; 卒 graduate; 儒Confucianism
Language (語) and Communication
言 say; 話 speak; 声 voice; 告 tell; 談 discuss; 聞 ask; 問 question; 答 answer; 吟 recite; 読 read; 書 write; 本 book; 文 text; 図 map, diagram; 筆 writing, brush; 字 character; 辞 word; 詞 words; 句 phrase; 記 written record; 刊 publish; 誌 document, journal; 訃 obituary; 信 message; 報 inform; 説 explain; 題 topic; 表 express; 伝 transmit; 論 discourse; 講 lecture; 宣proclaim
金 gold; 札 banknote; 円 yen; 幣 currency; 財 wealth; 富 rich; 買 buy; 購 purchase; 売 sell; 業 business, industry; 商 / 貿 trade; 販 marketing; 卸 wholesale; 払 pay; 貝 cowry (ancient Chinese currency); 貨 goods or property; 宝 treasure or wealth; 産 product; 工 manufacture; 価 / 値 price; 高 expensive; 安 / 廉 cheap; 資 capital; 賃 fee or wages; 料 fee; 費 expense; 営 management; 職 employment; 働 work; 稼 work, earn; 給 / 俸 salary; 償 recompense; 債 bond or debt; 貯 savings; 税 / 租 tax; 賦 installment or levy; 賄 / 賂 bribe; 賭gamble
List of characters For brevity, only one English translation is given per kanji. The "Grade" column specifies the grade in which the kanji is taught in Elementary schools in Japan.Grade "S" means that it is taught in ...