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  1. Lactobacillus - Wikipedia

    Lactobacillus is a genus of Gram-positive, aerotolerant anaerobes or microaerophilic, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacteria.[2][3] Until March 2020, the genus Lactobacillus comprised over 260 phylogenetically, ecologically, and metabolically ...

  2. Pang (surname) - Wikipedia
    • Origins
    • Character
    • Notable People with Surnamed Pang
    • See Also

    There are four commonly cited origins to the Pang surname. They are: 1. The Pang surname originates from the surname Ji (姬), the ancestral name of the Zhou dynasty. Descendants of King Wen of Zhou became the rulers of the vassal state Pang, located in today's Nanyang.[citation needed] 2. The Pang surname originates from the surname Gaoyang (高揚), that of the mythological emperor Zhuanxu.[citation needed] 3. A wealthy family around Xiangyang took the surname Pang, due to it having the meaning of grand or large.[citation needed] 4. A noble family name in Ancient China, first granted to a country's benefactor and royal relative by the Empire during the Zhou dynasty. Meaning, Dragons roar from the High Palace of the South Sea. High Palace, a grand mansion surrounded by constant rapids. A person bearing traits associated with Pang including virtue, grand, power and strength, intelligence, or an affinity for dragons. 5. A small fraction of Chinese ethnic minorities have the Pang surname. T...

    The Pang character, with Long (Chinese: dragon) character in the centre, the two strokes outside is the shape of shrine, illustrating worship of dragon god. As surname, it is generally known as the House of Dragon or Dragon God. Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *broːŋ): semantic 广 (“house”) + phonetic 龍 ("dragon") (OC *b·roŋ, *mroːŋ). The character later also used as an adjective with meaning of huge; enormous; tremendous.

    Persons with surname "Pang" (龐) include: 1. Pang Bingxun(龐炳勛; Wade–Giles: Pang Ping-hsun (1879-1963), military general during the Second Sino-Japanese War 2. Pang De(龐德; died 219), general serving under various warlords in the late Eastern Han dynasty 3. Pang Juan(龐涓; died 342 BC), military general from the Warring States Period 4. May Pang (龐鳳儀, born 1950), American personal assistant and production coordinator for John Lennon and Yoko Ono. 5. Pang Wanchun (龐萬春), fictional character in the novel Water Margin 6. Pang Tong(龐統; 179–214), adviser to the Eastern Han dynasty warlord Liu Bei 7. Pang Xi(龐羲), official serving under the Eastern Han dynasty warlord Liu Zhang 8. Pang Shigu (died 897), general serving under the warlord Zhu Wen

    • Páng (Mandarin), Pong (Hong Kong), Bàng (Vietnamese)
    • China
    • China
  3. List of common Chinese surnames - Wikipedia

    These are lists of the most common Chinese surnames in mainland China (People's Republic of China), Taiwan (Republic of China), and the Chinese diaspora overseas as provided by authoritative government or academic sources.Chinese names also ...

  4. Hundred Family Surnames - Wikipedia
    • Form
    • Complete Text
    • Prevalence in Modern Times
    • See Also
    • References

    The work is a rhyming poem in lines of eight characters. The surnames are not listed in order of commonality. According to Song dynasty scholar Wang Mingqing (王明清), the first four surnames listed represent the most important families in the empire at the time: 1. 1st: Zhao (趙) is the surname of the Song dynastyemperors. 2. 2nd: Qian (錢) is the surname of the kings of Wuyue. 3. 3rd: Sun (孫) is the surname of the queen Sun Taizhen of Wuyue king Qian Chu. 4. 4th: Li (李) is the surname of the kings of Southern Tang. The next four, Zhou 周, Wu 吳, Zheng 鄭, and Wang 王, were the surnames of the other wives of Qian Chu, the last king of Wuyue.

    This text is written in Traditional Chinese. Note that several of these characters may link to the same article.

    Under 300th most common

    1. Yōng 雍 - 339th 2. 平 - Ping - 315 3. 米 316th 4. 湛 369th

    Under 400th most common

    The following surnames are not among the 400 most common surnames according to a 2013 study[citation needed]:

    Rawski, Evelyn Sakakida (1979). Education and Popular Literacy in Ch'ing China. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08753-3.