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  1. The Liberals' immediate predecessor was the United Australia Party (UAP). More broadly, the Liberal Party's ideological ancestry stretched back to the anti-Labor groupings in the first Commonwealth parliaments. The Commonwealth Liberal Party was a fusion of the Free Trade (Anti-socialist) Party and the Protectionist Party in 1909 by the second prime minister, Alfred Deakin, in response to ...

    • December 1944; 77 years ago
    • Peter Dutton
  2. This is a list of ruling political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to an overview of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country.A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections.

    • Revolution of 1848
    • 1848 Uprisings
    • Constitution
    • Presidential Election of 1848
    • Presidency of Louis Napoléon
    • Sources
    • Further Reading

    The 1848 Revolution in France, sometimes known as the February Revolution, was one of a wave of revolutions across Europe in that year. The events swept away the Orleans monarchy(1830–1848) and led to the creation of the nation's second republic. The Revolution of 1830, part of a wave of similar regime changes across Europe, had put an end to the m...

    On 15 May, an armed mob, headed by Raspail, Blanqui and Barbès, and assisted by the proletariat-aligned Guard, attempted to overwhelm the Assembly, but were defeated by the bourgeois-aligned battalions of the National Guard. Meanwhile, the national workshops were unable to provide remunerative work for the genuine unemployed, and of the thousands w...

    The new constitution, proclaiming a democratic republic, direct universal suffrage and the separation of powers, was promulgated on 4 November 1848. Under the new constitution, there was to be a single permanent Assembly of 750 members elected for a term of three years by the scrutin de liste. The Assembly would elect members of a Council of State ...

    The election was keenly contested; the democratic republicans adopted as their candidate Ledru-Rollin, the "pure republicans" Cavaignac, and the recently reorganized Imperialist party Prince Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte. Unknown in 1835, and forgotten or despised since 1840, Louis Napoleon had in the last eight years advanced sufficiently in the public...

    For three years, there was an indecisive struggle between the heterogeneous Assembly and the President, who was silently awaiting his opportunity. He chose as his ministers men with little inclination towards republicanism, with a preference for Orléanists, the chief of whom was Odilon Barrot. In order to strengthen his position, he endeavored to c...

    This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "France: History". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p...

    Agulhon, Maurice. The Republican Experiment, 1848–1852 (The Cambridge History of Modern France) (1983) excerpt and text search
    Amann, Peter H. "Writings on the Second French Republic." Journal of Modern History34.4 (1962): 409-429.
    Furet, François. Revolutionary France 1770-1880(1995), pp 385–437. survey of political history by leading scholar
    Guyver, Christopher, The Second French Republic 1848-1852: A Political Reinterpretation, New York: Palgrave, 2016
    • Legislative Branch
    • Executive Branch
    • Judicial Branch
    • Elections
    • Local Governments
    • Civil Service
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    At the national level, the legislative branch consists of the National Assembly of South Korea. This is a unicameral legislature; it consists of a single large assembly. Most of its 300 members are elected from single-member constituencies; however, 56 are elected through proportional representation. The members of the National Assembly serve for f...

    The executive branch is headed by the president. The president is elected directly by the people, and is the only elected member of the national executive. The president serves for one five-year term; additional terms are not permitted. The president is head of state, head of government and commander in chief of the South Korean armed forces. The p...

    The judicial branch of South Korea is organized into two group. One is Constitutional Court which is highest court on adjudication of matters on Constitutionality, including Judicial review and Constitutional review. Another is ordinary courts on matters except jurisdiction of Constitutional Court. These ordinary courts are regarding Supreme Court ...

    Elections in South Korea are held on national level to select the President and the National Assembly. South Korea has a multi-party system, with two dominant parties and numerous third parties. Elections are overseen by the Electoral Branch, National Election Commission (Republic of Korea). The most recent presidential electionwas held on 9 March ...

    Local autonomy was established as a constitutional principle of South Korea beginning with the First Republic. However, for much of the 20th century this principle was not honored. From 1965 to 1995, local governments were run directly by provincial governments, which in turn were run directly by the national government. However, since the election...

    The South Korean civil service is managed by the Ministry of Personnel Management. This is large, and remains a largely closed system, although efforts at openness and reform are ongoing. In order to gain a position in civil service, it is usually necessary to pass one or more difficult examinations. Positions have traditionally been handed out bas...

    Korea Overseas Information Service (2003). Handbook of Korea, 11th ed. Seoul: Hollym. ISBN 978-1-56591-212-0.
    Kim, Jongcheol (2012). Constitutional Law. In: Introduction to Korean Law. Berlin, Heidelberg.: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-31689-0_2. ISBN 978-3-642-31689-0.
  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Sator_SquareSator Square - Wikipedia

    • Description
    • Christian and Other Associations
    • Magical Associations
    • Appearances
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Layout

    It is a 5 × 5 square made up of five 5-letter words, thus consisting of 25 characters in total, using 8 different Latin letters: 5 consonants (S, T, R, P, N) and 3 vowels (A, E, O). The earliest form has the word ROTAS as the top line, but the version using SATOR in the same position became dominant. It is a square two-dimensional palindrome with four symmetries (its symmetry group is the Klein four-group rather than the dihedral group of order 8, since adjacent sides of the square are not th...

    Translation

    Sator 1. (nominative or vocative noun; from serere, 'to sow') sower, planter, founder, progenitor (usually divine); originator; literally 'seeder'. Arepo 1. unknown, likely a proper name, either invented or perhaps of Egyptian origin, e.g., a coded form of the name Harpocrates or Hor-Hap (Serapis). Tenet 1. (verb; from tenere, 'to hold') he/she/it holds, keeps, comprehends, possesses, masters, preserves, sustains. Opera 1. (nominative plural, accusative plural or vocative plural [see opus] no...

    By repositioning the letters around the central letter Ν (en), a Greek cross can be made that reads Pater Noster (Latin for "Our Father", the first two words of the "Lord's Prayer") both vertically and horizontally. The remaining letters – two each of A and O– can be taken to represent the concept of Alpha and Omega, a reference in Christianity to ...

    The Sator Square is a four-times palindrome, and some people[who?] have attributed magical properties to it, considering it one of the broadest magical formulas in the West. An article on the square from The Saint Louis Medical and Surgical Journal vol. 76 reports that palindromes were viewed as being immune to tampering by the devil, who would bec...

    Historical

    The oldest datable representation of the Sator Square was found in the ruins of Pompeii. Others have been found in excavations under the church of S. Maria Maggiore in Rome, at Corinium (modern Cirencester in England) and Dura-Europos (in modern Syria). The Benedictine Abbey of St Peter ad Oratorium, near Capestrano, in Abruzzo, Italy, has a marble square inscription of the Sator Square. An example discovered at the Valvisciolo Abbey, also in central Italy, has the letters forming five concen...

    In popular culture

    The Sator Square has inspired some classical and contemporary composers, including Anton Webern and Fabio Mengozzi. The title of Christopher Nolan's 2020 film Tenet, as well as the name of two characters and other elements, are taken from the Sator Square: 1. The opening scene is set at an opera house. 2. The artist who created the forged drawing was 'Arepo'. 3. Tenetis the title of the film as well as the secret organization that works to save the world. 4. The main antagonist, the Russian b...

    Ceram, C. W. (1958). The March of Archaeology. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-3944-3528-1. LCCN 58-10977.
    Charlesworth, James H. (2010). The Good and Evil Serpent. Anchor Yale.
    Moeller, Walter (2015). The Mithraic Origin and Meanings of the Rotas-Sator Square. Brill.
    Shotter, David (1993). Romans and Britons in North-West England. Lancaster, UK: Centre for North-West Regional Studies. ISBN 1-86220-152-8.
  4. 16. (2) *Club domestic league appearances and goals, correct as of 1 July 2022. ‡ National team caps and goals, correct as of 29 March 2022. Hidemasa Morita (守田 英正, Morita Hidemasa, born 10 May 1995) is a Japanese professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for the Primeira Liga club Sporting CP. He doesn’t miss a single pass ...

  5. Bergenfield is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. Bergenfield was formed on the basis of a referendum held on June 25, 1894, from portions of Englewood Township and Palisades Township. The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone.

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