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  1. Minami Kantō earthquakes - Wikipedia

    Minami Kantō earthquakes (Japanese: 南関東直下地震) or Greater Tokyo Area earthquakes (Japanese: 首都直下地震) are general terms for major earthquakes that occurs repeatedly historically in the southern part of Kanto region (Tokyo, Kanagawa, ...

  2. 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami - Wikipedia

    The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami (Japanese: 東北地方太平洋沖地震, Hepburn: Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin) occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on 11 March.The magnitude 9.0–9.1 (M w) undersea megathrust earthquake had an epicenter in the ...

    • 6 minutes
    • 2011-03-11 05:46:24
    • 11 March 2011
    • 14:46 JST
  3. List of foreshocks and aftershocks of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake - Wikipedia

    This is a list of foreshocks and aftershocks of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake. Japan had experienced 900 aftershocks after the M9.1 earthquake on March 11, 2011 with about 60 aftershocks being over magnitude 6.0 and three over magnitude 7.0. For ...

  4. Feicui Dam - Wikipedia
    • History
    • Specifications
    • Access
    • See Also

    The dam was proposed in the 1970s during a period of severe drought in northern Taiwan. The reservoir site was located on the Beishi River, which joins with the Nanshi River to form the Xindian Riverwhich flows through New Taipei City. A dam built here would hold back water during the wet season, when the flow in Nanshi River alone is enough to meet water demands, and release water to augment supplies as needed during the dry season. This dam site was considered favorable because of good soil and forest conditions of the upstream watershed; at the time human development consisted mainly of tea plantations. The quality was much better than the watershed behind Shihmen Dam, the other major water source for greater Taipei, which has suffered crippling sediment issues due to deforestation.In order to preserve the watershed, the Taiwan government evicted many residents in upstream areas. Although the Dam is located in New Taipei, construction was funded by Taipei City, in order to provid...

    Feicui Dam is the largest concrete dam in Taiwan. The dam is a three-centered double curvature arch, 122.5 metres (402 ft) tall, 510 metres (1,670 ft) long, and consisting of 703,675 cubic metres (920,372 cu yd) of material. The dam crest has an elevation of 172.5 metres (566 ft) above sea level. A forebay dam 33 metres (108 ft) high is located immediately downstream, to reduce erosion from floodwater releases. Located in a seismically active zone, Feitsui Dam is designed to withstand a magnitude 7.0 earthquake.[citation needed] The Feicui Reservoir has a water storage capacity of 460 million cubic meters (370,000 acre feet) and an active capacity of 335.5 million cubic meters (272,000 acre feet). The reservoir is operated for water supply, with flood control and hydro power generation as secondary purposes. The main purchasers of water are Taipei Water Department and Taiwan Water Corporation. After the Zengwun Reservoir, Feicui is the second biggest lake in Taiwan. Hydroelectricity...

    The dam and reservoir are noted for the lack of public access, in order to protect the quality of the drinking water. With the exception of maintenance workers and Taipei City officials, visitation to the dam itself requires a special appointment and must be accompanied by a certified guide. In 2014, a total of 15,798 people toured Feitsui dam compared to 1.7 million people who visited the Shihmen Dam. There are also few, if any designated access and view points on the 15 km (9.3 mi) long Feicui Reservoir. The closest major road is Provincial Highway 9.

  5. 2channel - Wikipedia
    • History
    • Culture
    • Controversies
    • Technology
    • Societal Impact
    • See Also
    • External Links


    Textboards like 2channel were rooted in two earlier technologies: dial-in bulletin boards, known in Japan as grass roots bulletin boards(草の根BBS), and Usenet. 2channel has two direct predecessors: Ayashii World[ja] (あやしいわーるど), created in 1996 by Shiba Masayuki, and Amezou (あめぞう), created in 1997. Ayashii World was the first large anonymous web bulletin board in Japan, while Amezou originated the more familiar "textboard" concept wherein threads are displayed chronologically, with new comments...

    Early history

    2channel was founded on 30 May 1999 in a college apartment in Conway, Arkansas on the campus of University of Central Arkansas by Hiroyuki Nishimura. Success came quickly; many of Amezou's users began using it as soon as it opened. When compared with other bulletin boards, 2channel's technology wasn't much different; what led to its success was instead its being an "outlet for unfettered expression"; by being hosted in the United States, 2channel was able to bypass more restrictive Japanese c...

    Ownership transfer and government scrutiny

    On 2 January 2009, Nishimura claimed to have transferred ownership of 2channel to Packet Monster Inc., a company based in Chinatown, Singapore, and to no longer be involved in the site's management. However, Nishimura was charged with violating Japanese narcotic control laws anyway on 20 December 2012.[note 4] As part of their case, the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) claimed Nishimura remained involved in 2channel's operations, alleging Packet Monster Inc. is a shell company (ペーパー...

    Due to its large number of boards, the types of information exchanged on 2channel are very diverse. There are boards for topics as diverse as sports, sex, celebrity gossip, computer programming and ongoing earthquakes;even some academic research has gotten its start on 2channel.

    Slander and legal issues

    During Hiroyuki's administration, he was often openly defiant of Japanese law, especially around libel, and his duty to follow it, telling Yomiuri Shimbunin March 2007: By May 2008, Nishimura had lost more than fifty libel lawsuits in Japanese civil courts, and had been assessed millions of dollars in penalties; by August, according to him, he'd received more than one hundred lawsuits. While according to the official pages of the website, slander was prohibited, activists such as Debito Arudo...

    Crime announcements

    Crime announcements (犯行予告) were a regular occurrence on 2channel, including of mass suicides and murders. After the 2000 Neomugicha incident, in which a bus was hijacked by a man who posted on 2channel, police officers started regularly policing 2channel; such surveillance only increased after the Akihabara massacrer announced his 2008 attack on 2channel as well. Former superintendent of the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Tateshi Higuchi called the site a "den of iniquity". According to The Japan...

    Nationalism and hate speech

    2channel, with its massive size and anonymous posting, is abundant with slander, hate speech and defamation against public figures, institutions, and minority ethnic groups. Far-right users of 2channel are referred to as netto-uyoku, a term roughly analogous to "alt-right". Though the site has rules against posts illegal under Japanese law, the scale and anonymous nature of the site makes prompt deletions difficult to realize in practice. Furthermore, on occasion, 2channel has been accused of...

    2channel operated on forum software that was considered innovative at the time of its founding, originally written by Hiroyuki himself, but later replaced through the collective effort of his Unix-savvy users; the software is known as read.cgi. It was a major departure from Usenet; however, when compared to other Japanese textboards at the time, such as Amezou, 2channel's format was not much different. Boards in the textboard software have their threads sorted by the time of their last post, so making a post would "bump" (上げ, age) the thread to the top of the board index. However, when posting in a thread, users may use a function known as sage(下げ, lit. lowering) to avoid bumping a thread in this way. Often, posters will use sageon purpose, to avoid unwanted attention.

    In September 2007, 2channel averaged over 2.4 million posts per day.[note 3] As of July 2020, 5channel had 1,031 boards receiving around 2.7 million posts per day on weekends, with no growth since March 2016. Meanwhile, then had 826 boards receiving around 5,700 posts daily.Due to its popularity, 2channel and its successors have had considerable influence on Japanese society.

  6. Japan - Wikipedia

    Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippo ɴ] (listen) or Nihon [ɲiho ɴ] (listen)) is an island country in East Asia, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean.It is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the ...

  7. Zoom Video Communications - Wikipedia
    • History
    • Partner Programs Zoom
    • Privacy and Security Issues
    • Censorship
    • Workforce
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Early years

    Zoom was founded by Eric Yuan, a former corporate vice president for Cisco Webex. He left Cisco in April 2011 with 40 engineers to start a new company, originally named Saasbee, Inc. The company had trouble finding investors because many people thought the videotelephony market was already saturated. In June 2011, the company raised $3 million of seed money from WebEx founder Subrah Iyar, former Cisco SVP and General Counsel Dan Scheinman, and venture capitalists Matt Ocko, TSVC, and Bill Tai...


    In July 2013, Zoom established partnerships with B2B collaboration software providers, such as Redbooth (then Teambox), and also created a program named Works with Zoom, which established partnerships with Logitech, Vaddio, and InFocus. In September 2013, the company raised $6.5 million in a Series B round from Horizon Ventures, and existing investors. At that time, it had 3 million users. In April 2020, the app's CEO, Eric Yuan, announced Zoom's daily users have ballooned to more than 200 mi...

    IPO and onward

    On April 18, 2019, the company became a public company via an initial public offering. After pricing at US$36 per share, the share price increased over 72% on the first day of trading. The company was valued at US$16 billion by the end of its first day of trading. Prior to the IPO, Dropboxinvested $5 million in Zoom. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Zoom saw a major increase in usage for remote work, distance education, and online social relations. Thousands of educational institutions switched...

    With the increase in demand for cloud collaboration platforms over the past year due to the pandemic, Zoom has grown the partner program and gained momentum around the world. Partnerships with value-added resellers (VARs), Master Agents, service providers, operators and independent software publishers have enabled Zoom to achieve the following objectives: 1. Multiplication by 7 of sales by our partners compared to the previous year 2. More than 20% of our international business activities were driven by our partner ecosystem during the last quarter 3. Zoom's Master Agent activity has seen the fastest growth in history, notably for Avant and Intelisys

    Zoom has been criticized for "security lapses and poor design choices" that have resulted in heightened scrutiny of its software. The company has also been criticized for its privacy and corporate data sharing policies. Security researchers and reporters have criticized the company for its lack of transparency and poor encryption practices. Zoom initially claimed to use "end-to-end encryption" in its marketing materials, but later clarified it meant "from Zoom end point to Zoom end point" (meaning effectively between Zoom servers and Zoom clients), which The Interceptdescribed as misleading and "dishonest". In March 2020, New York State Attorney General Letitia James launched an inquiry into Zoom's privacy and security practices;the inquiry was closed on May 7, 2020, with Zoom not admitting wrongdoing, but agreeing to take added security measures. On April 1, 2020, Zoom announced a 90-day freeze on releasing new features, to focus on fixing privacy and security issues on Zoom. On Ju...

    In April 2020, Citizen Lab warned that having much of Zoom's research and development in China could "open up Zoom to pressure from Chinese authorities." In June 2020, Zoom was criticized for closing multiple accounts of U.S. and Hong Kong–based groups, including that of Zhou Fengsuo and two other human rights activists, who were commemorating the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. The accounts were later re-opened, with the company stating that in the future it "will have a new process for handling similar situations." Zoom responded that it has to "comply with local laws," even "the laws of governments opposed to free speech." Zoom subsequently admitted to shutting down activist accounts at the request of the Chinese government. In response, a bi-partisan group of U.S. senators requested clarification of the incident from the company.Partially in response to criticisms of its blocking of the activists accounts as well as expressions of concern by the United States Justice Department,...

    In January 2020, Zoom had over 2,500 employees, with 1,396 in the United States and 1,136 in international locations. It is reported that 700 employees within a subsidiary work in China and develop Zoom software. In May 2020, Zoom announced plans to open new research and development centers in Pittsburgh and Phoenix, with plans to hire up to 500 engineers between the two cities over the next few years. In July 2020, Zoom announced the opening of a new technology center in Bangalore, India, to host engineering, IT, and business operations roles. In August 2020, Zoom opened a new data center in Singapore. The company ranked second place in Glassdoor's 2019 "Best Places to Work" survey. Part of Zoom's product development team is based in China, where an average entry-level tech salary is one-third of American salaries, which is a key driver of its profitability.Zoom's research and development costs are 10 percent of its total revenue and less than half of the median percentage among it...

    Business data for Zoom Video Communications, Inc.:
  8. Talk:Sino-Xenic pronunciations - Wikipedia
    • Incomplete Examples
    • Ryukyuan Forest
    • Why Modern examples?
    • Issues with The Native Examples
    • Sino-Xenic Examples
    • Sinoxenic Ryukyuan
    • Non-Examples of Sino-Xenic
    • None of Which Are Genetically Related to Chinese
    • Japanese Phonemic Distinctions Lost
    • Hokkien and Wu?

    The following example entries are incomplete. I can't actually decide over which of these are good examples that are valid for inclusion, after all it isn't good to have too manyexamples. In case someone wants to complete the table, include what they believe to be good examples (i.e. specifically meaningful to include) and leave out the poor examples, the WIP table is here: I think the article currently has enough examples already, although adding one or two more wouldn't be pushing it that far. Any more than that, however, is a bit much. --李博杰 | —Talk contribs email14:34, 6 August 2011 (UTC)

    Is the Ryukyuan word for forest really the same as mountain in Japanese (山 yama)? Dean Turbo (talk) 12:26, 10 October 2011 (UTC) 1. Yes, but in this case, the characters are phonetic and not semantic (i.e. meaning). Just like how language is 口 mouth and nation is 島 island in Standard Japanese. In Japanese, 口 kuchi would refer to things relating to the mouth, but in Okinawan, 沖縄口 Uchinaaguchi means "Okinawan language"; 山 yama is also found in various Okinawan location names that relate to forests or woodland. The user who applied a few of these entries is User:ChavacanBen, who is quite familiar with Okinawan linguistics. I'd presume he has access to dictionaries and all kinds of relevant literature. --李博杰 | —Talk contribs email 12:40, 10 October 2011 (UTC) 1.1. OK. Thanks, benlisquare. -- Dean Turbo (talk) 11:20, 11 October 2011 (UTC) 1.1.1. Incidentally, Marc Miyake discusses the etymology of Okinawan mui 'mountain' (cognate with Japanese mori 森 'forest') here, and notes that Okinaw...

    Why doesn't the example list use vocabulary from classical Chinese texts that actually show the historic cultural transition from China over Korea to Japan? Most of the examples given in the article are modern words, many of them Western concepts and inventions. They came to China, Korea and Japan through translated works and other sources, from the outside. Ethnicity, populace, republic, freedom and equality are concepts from Western philosophy and political thought. Telephone, newspaper and film are technical inventions. Many of these words only entered the vocabulary after East Asian countries ended their isolation to the outside world in the 19th century. To further complicate matters, some modern Chinese words like 经济 (economy) were coined in Meiji Japan by Japanese authors or translators, then imported to China. Now, the process how modern 19th and 20th century words were coined and then spread among the East Asian sprachbund is very interesting, but it gives a bit of a distor...

    In addition, some problems with the "native examples": 1. Nation = 國家 guójiā = 国 kuni. 国家 kokkaexists in Japanese, and is more close to "nation" than 国 kuni "country". It would be the better entry in this case. 2. One = 一 yī = ひと(つ) hito(tsu). Should be either 一 yī = 一 ichi for "one" when counting, or 一个 = ひと(つ) hito(tsu) for "one" as in "one (generic counter word)" 3. to write (past tense) = 寫 xiě. Just 写 xiě does not imply past tense. The closest Chinese equivalent would be 写了. Makes little sense as example because of the very different grammar between Chinese and the others. 4. mother (informal speech) - お母さん okāsan. That stretches the definition of informal speech. Yes, children do use お母さん to address their parents, but in rather "formal" situations. 5. personal pronoun (generic) - 私 watashi. Japanese does not have a "generic" personal pronoun. 私 watashi is more generic than others, but it's not universal and it has clear connotations. 6. Soup = 湯 tāng = 汁 shiru. Misleading, bec...

    The Vietnamese column of the table shouldn't be restricted to the Saigon dialect, as it contains vocab that is not primarily used in South Vietnam, e.g. mẹ. The Saigon variant would be má. And some of the examples are just not Sino-xenic, e.g. 学/學 is pronounced xué in Mandarin, but hok6 in Cantonese and similarly in other Southern dialects. Thus the Vietnamese học sinh is perfectly Sinic, this might be true for the other (Korean, Japanese) language examples, too. I just find the table to be very confusing. Nước mắm ngon quá! (talk) 19:20, 25 February 2012 (UTC) 1. 1. It is implied that học sinh is perfectly Sinic, and that it is cognate with 学生/xuesheng/gakusei/etc. It essentially agrees with what you just said. 2. Are you very familiar with the North/South dialects of Vietnamese? If so, feel free to contribute; Wikipedia is a collaborative project between multiple contributors, and one person might be an expert in a field that others aren't, and their assistance would be gladly rec...

    I confess I don't know anything about Ryukyuan, but how are kaagaaudui and kaagaashibai "Sino-Xenic" beyond being written with Chinese characters? The readings don't look Sinitic at all. I am also curious about 唐ん人 tooNchu (on the "native" list) and 御万人 ʻumaNchu (on the "Sino-Xenic" list). 人 chu appears in both, so is this a native word/morpheme or a Sinitic one? Man for 万 looks Sinitic, but then so does too for 唐. And is ʻu for 御 a Sinitic reading? - (talk) 08:07, 12 November 2012 (UTC) 1. It's not just these. Sino-Xenic refers to the large-scale, systematic importation of Middle Chinese words into Vietnamese, Korean and Japanese. None of the examples in the article are that; they're either native readings of Chinese characters or modern loans. Kanguole11:42, 12 November 2012 (UTC)

    The following is moved from the article, as these are not Sino-Xenic vocabulary as defined by our sources. Kanguole00:16, 30 November 2012 (UTC)

    I understand what this editor is trying to say, but human genetics, which is a scientific concept requiring careful genomic studies, and with great social/racial/political implications, should not be used in this careless manner. This ought to be rephrased, into "ethnically different" or something like that. I personally think "linguistically distinct" suffices. Timmyshin (talk) 01:49, 14 May 2013 (UTC) 1. The text is referring to Genetic relationship (linguistics), not human genetics. --李博杰 | —Talk contribs email03:31, 14 May 2013 (UTC)

    There is an obvious error here in the failure to distinguish between Japanese [s] and [ɕ] in loanwords. In native vocabulary one might say that the latter is an allophone of the former but this is most certainly not the case in loanwords. A glaring example of this is giving the initial for 書 /ɕo/ as /s/. Siúnrá (talk) 13:45, 7 October 2016 (UTC) 1. I don't even know what [ɕ] is supposed to mean in this context. What's the Hepburn? AnonMoos (talk) 15:20, 8 October 2016 (UTC)

    I'm curious as to why there is a column for Cantonese but not Hokkien in the table. Those who know the language would realise the similarity to Japanese in its pronunciations of many words (the numbers one to five for instance), as well as other words . Perhaps add a column to that, or for that matter Wu Chinese. There does not seem to be any obvious reason why it is Cantonese that is used here, when languages like Japanese have links to the Wu region. Hzh (talk) 23:39, 13 October 2018 (UTC) 1. Any number of Chinese varieties could be included, so we need to be selective in order to keep the table manageable, especially as the primary focus should be on the Sino-Xenic forms. (The tables in the Varieties of Chinese article, on the other hand, have many more columns.) Clearly Standard Chinese should be there. Cantonese has a couple of advantages for the present purpose: it faithfully preserves all the final consonants of Middle Chinese, and it is likely to be the next most familiar va...

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