No data. A country's gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita is the PPP value of all final goods and services produced within an economy in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year. This is similar to nominal GDP per capita, but adjusted for the cost of living in each country.
Calculator. An electronic pocket calculator with a seven-segment liquid-crystal display (LCD) that can perform arithmetic operations. An electronic calculator is typically a portable electronic device used to perform calculations, ranging from basic arithmetic to complex mathematics . The first solid-state electronic calculator was created in ...
As explained in the "Motivating Example" section, the relative risk is usually better than the odds ratio for understanding the relation between risk and some variable such as radiation or a new drug. That section also explains that if the rare disease assumption holds, the odds ratio is a good approximation to relative risk and that it has some advantages over relative risk.
An offset loan involves a savings account and a mortgage loan. The value of the savings account is subtracted from the value of the mortgage and the difference between the amounts is used to calculate the interest charged on the mortgage loan.  For example, if an accountholder has a $100,000 mortgage and $10,000 in their offset savings ...
Definition Since its revision by the original author, William Sharpe, in 1994,  the ex-ante Sharpe ratio is defined as: =  =  , where is the asset return, is the risk-free return (such as a U.S. Treasury security).  is the expected value of the excess of the asset return over the benchmark return, and is the standard deviation of the asset excess return.
The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.
Afrikaans العربية Boarisch Català Deutsch Español Euskara فارسی Français 한국어 Bahasa Indonesia Italiano Nederlands 日本語 In thermodynamics, the heat transfer coefficient or film coefficient, or film effectiveness, is the proportionality constant between the heat flux and the thermodynamic driving force for the flow of heat (i.e., the temperature difference, ΔT).