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- Forefathers of House of Zhu
- Numbers of Actual Peerages
- List of Actual Princely Peerages
- Posthumous Imperial Princes & Non-Title Imperial Princes
- Non-Imperial Princes
For convenience to shows relationships of these imperial princes and emperors, this text will shows forefathers of Hongwu Emperorand their sons.
1st rank princely peerages
1. Hongwu Emperor's line: 25 peerages (included Prince of Jingjiang), 2 was absorbed into the crown (Yongle Emperor & Southern Ming Longwu Emperor), 7 were abolished, and 2 had not heir 2. Zhu Biao's line: 3 peerages, all of them were abolished. 3. Yongle Emperor's line: 2 peerages 4. Hongxi Emperor's line: 8 peerages, 4 had not heir 5. Xuande Emperor's line: 1 peerage, was absorbed into the crown (Jingtai Emperor) 6. Emperor Yingzong's line: 8 peerages, 1 was absorbed into the crown (Chenghu...
By Southern Ming
1. By Longwu Emperor: 3 peerage, 2 from line of Prince of Tang, 1 from cadet peerage of line of Prince of Yi 2. By Zhu Yihai: 1 peerage, from cadet peerage of line of Prince of Ning
By Hongwu Emperor
1. Prince of Qin(inherited) 2. Prince of Jing (晉) (inherited) 3. Prince of Yan (no inherited) 4. Prince of Zhou (inherited) 5. Prince of Chu (inherited) 6. Prince of Qi(no inherited) 7. Prince of Tan (No heir) 8. Prince of Lu (鲁) (inherited) 9. Prince of Jingjiang(inherited) 10. Prince of Shu (inherited) 11. Prince of Xiang (湘) (no heir) 12. Prince of Dai (inherited) 13. Prince of Su (inherited) 14. Prince of Liao (inherited) 15. Prince of Qing (inherited) 16. Prince of Ning(inherited) 17. Pr...
By Jianwen Emperor
1. Prince of Wu (demoted to Comm. Prince of Guangze, no inherited) 2. Prince of Heng (demoted to Comm. Prince of Huai'en, no heir) 3. Prince of Xu (徐) (demoted to Comm. Prince of Fuhui & Comm. Prince of Ouning, no heir)
By Yongle Emperor
1. Prince of Han(漢) (2nd creation, no inherited) 2. Prince of Zhao(2nd creation, inherited)
After Hongwu Emperor enthroned, he had posthumously bestowed his brothers and patrilineal relatives with various 2nd-rank princely titles. Also, some imperial sons who died prematurely were posthumously bestowed with 1st-rank princely titles, but some of them also had not posthumous titles, too. Below shows all of the posthumous princes of the imperial house, include descendants of Zhu Biao& Southern Ming princes, but exclude matrilineal relatives of Hongwu Emperor and other nobles, as they cannot considered as members of the imperial house. 1. Noted: Bold names refers posthumous princes and non-title imperial princes
According to the regulation of the Ming dynasty, only the imperial sons and other imperial clan members (excluded matrilineal relatives of the imperial house) can award princely titles. For non-imperial and nobles (excluded matrilineal relatives of the imperial house), the highest rank title can be awarded is “duke” (国公), they can only posthumously awarded the second-rank princely title after died. This regulation was carried out until the extinction of the Ming dynasty, and regimes of Hongguang Emperor and Longwu Emperor. During the reign of Yongli Emperor, he abolished the regulation under the force of Sun Kewang, and granted various princely titles to Sun Kewang, Li Dingguo, Zheng Chenggong(known as Koxinga) and other military officers of Southern Ming.