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  1. 2023年11月20日 · Not likely. In Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior, anthropologist Christopher Boehm argues that we share with chimpanzees and bonobos a tendency toward despotism. Yet nomadic hunter-gatherers have nevertheless been uniformly egalitarian, seemingly for thousands if not millions of years.

  2. = participant in the Asia Commons Deep Dive workshop Bio Taimur currently works for the UNDP in the Asia-Pacific Regional Centre in Bangkok. He has been with UNDP since 2003 in various capacities. Presently, he is a Policy Specialist advising governments in ...

  3. 2. From the Wikipedia: "A holon is a system (or phenomenon) that is a whole in itself as well as a part of a larger system. It can be conceived as systems nested within each other. Every system can be considered a holon, from a subatomic particle to the universe as a whole. On a non-physical level, words, ideas, sounds, emotions—everything ...

  4. The coordination format aims to preserve 'difference', does not strive for 'unity' and 'centralization' of the struggle, but achieves nevertheless 'common' goals and actions. However, in contrast with the earlier forms of 'mass demonstrations' and 'mass strikes', the coordination-led struggles are often organized in a 'just-in-time' fashion of ...

  5. 2021年11月30日 · Cosmo-Local Production is a methodology for creating value and products and services that are inspired by the following basic rules (see below). and marries the planetary globalization of knowledge, the 'smart' localization of production, and both local and planetary mutualization, i.e. marrying distributed making and global open innovation: 1 ...

  6. 2014年5月17日 · The characteristics of chaordic organizations. The chaordic commons is a network infrastructure created to support P2P-like initiatives, created by Dee Hock, the former chairman of Visa International and author of The Chaordic Age. Here are the principles behind the movement. • Are based on clarity of shared purpose and principles.

  7. Description. James C. Scott: Legibility refers to. "a state's attempt to make society legible, to arrange the population in ways that simplified the classic state functions of taxation, conscription, and prevention of rebellion. Having begun to think in these terms, I began to see legibility as a central problem in statecraft.