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  1. Year Location Main Article Primary Cause Description 479 BC Potidaea, Greece 479 BC Potidaea earthquake The oldest recorded tsunami in history. [2] During the Persian siege of the maritime city of Potidaea, Greece, Herodotus reports how Persian attackers attempting to take advantage of an unusual retreat of the water were suddenly surprised by "a great tide, higher, as the locals say, than any ...

  2. 8 total. Damage. $10 million (1921 USD) Areas affected. Western Caribbean, Cuba, Florida Keys, Florida Peninsula. Part of the 1921 Atlantic hurricane season. The Tampa Bay hurricane of 1921 (also known as the 1921 Tarpon Springs hurricane) was the most recent major hurricane to strike the Tampa Bay area and the second latest major hurricane to ...

    • $10 million (1921 USD)
    • ≤ 941 mbar (hPa); 27.79 inHg
    • Event Outline
    • Eyewitness Accounts
    • Evidence of Past Events
    • Ongoing Debate
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Lituya Bay is a fjord located on the Fairweather Fault in the northeastern part of the Gulf of Alaska. It is a T-shaped bay with a width of 2 miles (3 km) and a length of 7 miles (11 km). Lituya Bay is an ice-scoured tidal inlet with a maximum depth of 722 feet (220 m). The narrow entrance of the bay has a depth of only 33 feet (10 m). The two arms...

    Swanson account

    At 22:15 hours PST on July 9, 1958, which was still daylight at that time of year, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 struck the Lituya Bay area. The tide was ebbing at about plus 1.5 m and the weather was clear. Anchored in a cove near the west side of the entrance of the bay, Bill and Vivian Swanson were on their boat fishingwhen the earthquake hit:

    Ulrich account

    When the earthquake struck, Howard G. Ulrich and his 7-year-old son were in Lituya Bay aboard their boat, the Edrie. They were anchored in a small inlet on the southern side of the bay. The two had gone out on the water at 20:00 hours PSTand when the earthquake hit, the resulting rocking of his boat woke Ulrich up. He observed the wave's formation from the deck, hearing a very loud smash at the base of Lituya Bay. In his record of the wave he notes the appearance of it and how it formed: The...

    Four or five megatsunamis are believed to have occurred at Lituya Bay during a 150-year period: 1. Reports by early explorers of the loss of all trees and vegetation along the shore, and cut tree-lines. One example is the log of Jean Francois de Galaupwho was the first European person to discover the bay in 1786. 2. "At least one and possibly two w...

    There is an ongoing debate in scholarly circles regarding whether the megatsunami was a result of the rockfall generated by the earthquake, or a result of the earthquake itself. Various analyses to determine the true cause have been conducted.

    Miller, D. J. (1960), "The Alaska earthquake of July 10, 1958: Giant wave in Lituya Bay", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 50 (2): 253–266, Bibcode:1960BuSSA..50..253M, doi:10.1785...
    Tocher, D. (1960), "The Alaska earthquake of July 10, 1958: Movement on the Fairweather fault and field investigation of southern epicentral region", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of Americ...
    Gary Griggs, "Our Ocean Backyard: Tsunami rocked Alaska's Lituya Bay in 1958", Santa Cruz Sentinel, April 9, 2011
    Dave Kiffer, "Surviving the Biggest Wave Ever 50 Years Ago, 1,700 Foot Wave Devastated Lituya Bay", SitNews, July 8, 2008.
    Sonny and Howard Ulrich, Video retelling of their surviving the event & simulated megatsunami
    Horizon, BBC, first broadcast October 12, 2000. (Mega-tsunami: Wave of Destruction)
    • Tectonic Setting
    • Earthquake
    • Tsunami
    • Impact
    • Casualties
    • Response
    • See Also
    • External Links

    The Pacific Plate, made of oceanic lithosphere, subducts beneath the Okhotsk Plate along a convergent boundary located off the east coast of the northern half of Japan. It runs from the Boso Triple Junction and ends near Hokkaido, where it joins the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench. At this location, the Pacific Plate moves approximately westward relative to...

    According to the JMA, the earthquake had a magnitude of MJMA 7.4 and struck at a depth of 57 km. The USGS stated that the quake had an Mw of 7.3 at a depth of 59.9 km. It was preceded by a Mwb 6.0 foreshock at a depth of 48.1 km. The foreshock also measured 6.1 MJMA by the JMA and was recorded with a maximum intensity of Shindo5-. This shallow-focu...

    A tsunami measuring 20 cm was recorded by the JMA at Ishinomaki Port, Miyagi at 00:29 local time. It was followed by another wave measuring 30 cm at 02:14. At Sendai Port, the tsunami measured 20 cm and arrived at 03:15. In Ōfunato, a tsunami of 0.4 ft was detected.The earthquake did not generate a large tsunami due to its deep depth, which caused ...

    In Kunimi, a building collapsed, causing its roof to slide off and scatter roof tiles onto an adjacent empty lot. A vehicle was trapped underneath the fallen roof. A shrine in Minamisōma sustained significant damage and partially collapsed. Shelves in offices toppled over. The exterior walls of some homes partially collapsed. Broken windows were al...

    A man in his 60s from Sōma, Fukushima, died after jumping out of a window to escape. A second fatality was reported in Tome, Miyagi, a man in his 70s who died from a heart attack. A third fatality was reported in Shichigahama, Miyagi; a man in his 70s who collapsed and was taken to the hospital but died. Japan's Prime Minister Fumio Kishida stated ...

    Earthquake and tsunami warnings

    The Earthquake Early Warning system issued a warning at 23:36:55.6 local time; 9.6 seconds after the initial detection of seismic waves from the mainshock. The earthquake was first detected 1.6 seconds after it had occurred, and was given a seismic intensity of Shindo 3. The early warning came 9.6 seconds later when instruments recorded an intensity of Shindo 5-. Another warning was issued for a seismic intensity of Shindo6+. Tsunami warningswere issued along the coasts of Miyagi and Fukushim...

    Domestic

    Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno said in a press conference on March 17 that a Disaster Relief Act would be in effect in every municipality of Fukushima and Miyagi. The Japan Self-Defense Forceswas deployed to Fukushima and Miyagi prefectures at the request of their respective governors to restore essential lifelines. Workers at Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) examined the 2011 disaster-crippled Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant for damage. Officials later reported no new ano...

    International

    Immediately after the earthquake, the U.S. Geological Survey issued a Yellow PAGER(Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) which estimated the economic loss caused. There was a 37% chance that damage from the earthquake would result in losses of US$10–100 million; the likelihood for damages to fall within US$100 million to 1 billion was 30%. It was soon revised to Orange, for a 35% chance of damage in the cost range of US$100 million to 1 billion. There was a 34% chance that the...

    • History
    • Geography
    • Demographics
    • Arts and Culture
    • Infrastructure
    • Notable People
    • in Popular Culture
    • See Also

    The region, with a series of bayous feeding into the Gulf of Mexico, was first settled by white and black farmers and fishermen around 1876. Some of the newly arrived visitors spotted tarpon jumping out of the waters and so named the location Tarpon Springs. The name is said to have originated with a remark of Mrs. Ormond Boyer, an early settler fr...

    According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Tarpon Springs has a total area of 16.9 square miles (44 km2), of which 9.1 square miles (24 km2) is land and 7.7 square miles (20 km2) (45.83%) is water.

    As of the census of 2000, there were 21,003 people, 9,067 households, and 5,947 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,297.1 per square mile (887.2/km2). There were 10,759 housing units at an average density of 1,176.7 per square mile (454.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.07% White, 6.15% African American, 0.29% Nat...

    Epiphany celebration

    Tarpon Springs is known for elaborate religious ceremonies hosted by the St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Cathedral, part of the Greek Orthodox Church, including the January 6 Epiphany, celebration that includes youths diving for a cross and the blessing of the waters and the boats. Since the first Greek immigrants depended on the sea and their boats for their livelihood, their attachment to a religious service centered on requesting divine protection for what used to be a highly risky job can be...

    Tourism

    Dodecanese Avenue in the Greektown Historic District of Tarpon Springs is both part of the traditional Greek community and the City's primary tourist destination. The street winds its way from Pinellas Avenue west along the Anclote River. Numerous restaurants serve traditional Greek cuisineand fresh seafood. The nearby beaches, part of the Pinellas County parks, are popular for water activities. Sandy barrier islands off shore shift position over time with the waves and storms. They are acces...

    Police

    The Tarpon Springs Police Department has 48 sworn officers. Of those, 29 are assigned to the patrol division.

    Library

    The Tarpon Springs Public Library is the public library that services Tarpon Springs, Pinellas, and the greater Tampa Bay area. The library was founded in 1916 Julia Roswell Smith Inness who was the daughter of the owner of the Century Publishing Company.The library is a member of the Pinellas Public Library Cooperative.

    Doug Ault, as a rookie with the Toronto Blue Jays, he hit 2 homeruns (and the team's first 2 HRs) in the team's historical inaugural game. After baseball, he lived in Tarpon Springs
    Charles Bishop, caused the 2002 Tampa Cessna 172 crash, inspired by the September 11 attacks
    Tarpon Springs is referenced by Cmdr. Tucker in Star Trek: Enterprise episode "The Crossing".
    Tarpon Springs is referenced in Ring Lardner'sshort story "The Golden Honeymoon".
    A character in Allen Drury's novel The Throne of Saturnis referenced as "The Greek Loner from Tarpon Springs".
    Tarpon Springs is the setting and primary filming location of the 1954 film Beneath the Twelve-Mile Reef which follows the lives of a family of Greek sponge fishermen and depicts the annual Epiphan...
  3. The April 2015 Nepal earthquake (also known as the Gorkha earthquake) [7] [11] killed 8,964 people and injured 21,952 more. It occurred at 11:56 Nepal Standard Time on Saturday, 25 April 2015, with a magnitude of 7.8 M w [1] or 8.1 M s [12] and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of X ( Extreme ). Its epicenter was east of Gorkha District at Barpak ...

  4. The Tarpon Springs Depot is a former railroad depot built by the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in 1909, located in downtown Tarpon Springs, Florida at 160 East Tarpon Avenue within the Tarpon Springs Historic District.[1] The former rail line that serviced the depot, originally built by the Orange Belt Railway in 1888 and last used for a series ...

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