Biochar. Biochar is charcoal that is produced by pyrolysis of biomass in the absence of oxygen; it is used as a soil amendment. Biochar is defined by the International Biochar Initiative as "The solid material obtained from the ...
Melanophilin is a carrier protein which in humans is encoded by the MLPH gene. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but the full-length nature of some of these variants has not been determined.
- Phylogeny and Comparative Genomic Studies
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Although Fibrobacteres, which consists of a single genus Fibrobacter containing two species, is currently recognized as a distinct phylum, phylogenetic studies based RpoC and Gyrase B protein sequences, indicate that Fibrobacter succinogenes is closely related to the species from the phyla Bacteroidetes and Chlorobi. The species from these three phyla also branch in the same position based upon conserved signature indels in a number of important proteins. Lastly and most importantly, comparative genomic studies have identified two conserved signature indels (a 5-7 amino acid insert in the RpoC protein and a 13-16 amino acid insertion in serine hydroxymethyltransferase) and one signature protein (PG00081) that are uniquely shared by all of the species from these three phyla.All of these results provide compelling evidence that the species from these three phyla shared a common ancestor exclusive of all other bacteria and it has been proposed that they should all recognized as part of...
The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN), National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and the 16S rRNA-based LTP release 123 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project. 1. Class "Chitinispirillia" ♠ Sorokin et al. 2016 1.1. Order "Chitinispirillales" Sorokin et al. 2016 1.1.1. Family "Chitinispirillaceae" ♠ Sorokin et al. 2016 22.214.171.124. Genus "Chitinispirillum" ♠ Sorokin et al. 2016 126.96.36.199.1. Species "Chitinispirillum alkaliphilum" ♠ Sorokin et al. 2016 2. Class Chitinivibrionia Sorokin et al. 2014 2.1. Order Chitinivibrionales Sorokin et al. 2014 2.1.1. Family Chitinivibrionaceae Sorokin et al. 2014 188.8.131.52. Genus Chitinivibrio Sorokin et al. 2014 184.108.40.206.1. Species Chitinivibrio alkaliphilusSorokin et al. 2014 3. Class Fibrobacteria Spain et al. 2012 3.1. Order "Candidatus Fibromonadales" ♠ Abdul Rahman et al. 2016 3.1.1. Family "Candidatus Fibromonadaceae" ♠ Abdul Rahman et al. 2016 220.127.116.11. Genus "Candi...
The phylum Fibrobacteres is considered to be closely related to the CFB [Cytophaga-Flavibacterium-Bacteroides]. The only genus in this phylum is Fibrobacter that contains strains from the guts of many mammals including cattle and pigs. The two described species in this genus namely, Fibrobacter succinogenes and Fibrobacter intestinalisare important members of fibrolytic communities in mammalian guts and have received a lot of attention in recent decades due to the long-standing interest microbes capable of degrading plant fiber. Molecular evidence based on the amplification of 16rRNA genes from various environments suggest that the phylum is much more widespread than previously thought. Most of the clones from mammalian environments group along with the known isolates in what has been called Fibrobacteres subphylum 1. Members of Fibrobacteres subphylum 2 however, have so far been found only in the gut of termites. and in some litter-feeding cockroaches. The predominance of Fibrobact...
Holt JG (editor) (1994). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (9th ed.). Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-0-683-00603-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature - Genus FibrobacterSystema Naturae 2000 Classification: Phylum Fibrobacteres
Spelt has a complex history. It is a wheat species known from genetic evidence to have originated as a naturally occurring hybrid of a domesticated tetraploid wheat such as emmer wheat and the wild goat-grass Aegilops tauschii. This hybridisation must have taken place in the Near East, because this is where Aegilops tauschii grows, and it must have taken place before the appearance of common or bread wheat (Triticum aestivum, a hexaploid, free-threshing derivative of spelt) in the archaeological record about 8,000 years ago.[improper synthesis?] Genetic evidence shows that spelt wheat can also arise as the result of the hybridisation of bread wheat and emmer wheat, although only at some date following the initial Aegilops–tetraploid wheat hybridisation. The much later appearance of spelt in Europe might thus be the result of a later, second, hybridisation between emmer and bread wheat. Recent DNA evidence supports an independent origin for European spelt through this hybridisation....
In Greek mythology spelt (ζειά [zeiá] in Greek) was a gift to the Greeks from the goddess Demeter. The earliest archaeological evidence of spelt is from the fifth millennium BC in Transcaucasia, north-east of the Black Sea, though the most abundant and best-documented archaeological evidence of spelt is in Europe. Remains of spelt have been found in some later Neolithic sites (2500–1700 BC) in Central Europe.During the Bronze Age, spelt spread widely in central Europe. In the Iron Age (750–15 BC), spelt became a principal wheat species in southern Germany and Switzerland, and by 500 BC, it was in common use in southern Britain. References to the cultivation of spelt wheat in Biblical times (see matzo), in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and in ancient Greece are incorrect and result from confusion with emmer wheat. However, spelt was known in ancient Rome and appears to have been attributed some significance; the rite of confarreatio, the most ritualized form of Roman wedding, was sol...
A 100-gram (3+1⁄2-ounce) reference serving of uncooked spelt provides 1,410 kilojoules (338 kilocalories) of food energy and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value) of protein, dietary fiber, several B vitamins, and numerous dietary minerals (table). Highest nutrient contents include manganese (143% DV), phosphorus (57% DV), and niacin (46% DV). Spelt contains about 70% total carbohydrates, including 11% as dietary fibre, and is low in fat (table). Its high carbohydrate content led to its being called "marching grain" by the Romans. Spelt contains gluten, and is therefore suitable for baking, but this component makes it unsuitable for people with gluten-related disorders, such as celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, and wheat allergy. In comparison to hard red winter wheat, spelt has a more soluble protein matrix characterized by a higher gliadin:gluteninratio.
In Germany and Austria, spelt loaves and rolls (Dinkelbrot) are widely available in bakeries as is spelt flour in supermarkets. The unripe spelt grains are dried and eaten as Grünkern ("green grain").In Poland, spelt breads and flour are commonly available as health foods and easy to find in bakeries. Dutch jenever makers distill with spelt. Beer brewed from spelt is sometimes seen in Bavaria and Belgium, and spelt is distilled to make vodka in Poland.
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After gaining his doctorate degree in history and political science, Knopp worked as a newspaper editor at the Welt am Sonntag and the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. In 1978 he took up employment at the German TV station ZDF. Since then, he has produced many documentaries about the Nazi dictatorship like Hitlers Helfer ("Hitler's Henchmen"), Hitler-Eine Bilanz ("Hitler-taking stock") or Die SS: Eine Warnung der Geschichte ("The SS: A warning from history"), but also for example Vatikan (about the power of the popes) or Kanzler: Die Mächtigen der Republik (about Germany's post-war federal chancellors). He also hosts a weekly show on German television, usually broadcast on Sundays, called "History". In 1999 he produced a series called "100 Jahre – der Countdown", which sums up the whole 20th Century year by year and is still sometimes broadcast, mainly during holidays, by the German TV station Phoenix. For the publication of his book "Top Spies – Traitors in the secret war" (1994) Kn...(1998) Hitler's Henchmen. Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-3781-5(2001) Hitler's Holocaust. Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-2700-3(2002) Hitler's Hitmen. Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-2602-3(2002) Hitler's Children. ISBN 0-7509-2732-1
A cleanroom or clean room is a facility ordinarily utilized as a part of specialized industrial production or scientific research, including the manufacture of pharmaceutical items, integrated circuits, LCD, OLED and microLED displays. ...
Tutilo Burger OSB (born 8 September 1965, Löffingen, as Heinz Burger) is a German Benedictine.He took as his monastic name Tutilo, after the saint, monk and composer Tuotilo.Since 2011 he has been the eleventh archabbot of Beuron Archabbey, ...
- Nomenclature and Taxonomy of Wheat and Its Cultivars
- Plant Breeding
- Other Forms of Common Wheat
Numerous forms of wheat have evolved under human selection. This diversity has led to confusion in the naming of wheats, with names based on both genetic and morphological characteristics. For more information, see the taxonomy of wheat.
Bread wheat is an allohexaploid (an allopolyploid with six sets of chromosomes: two sets from each of three different species). Of the six sets of chromosomes, two come from Triticum urartu (einkorn wheat) and two from Aegilops speltoides. This spontaneous hybridisation created the tetraploid species Triticum turgidum (emmer wheat) 580,000–820,000 years ago. The last two sets of chromosomes came from wild goat-grass Aegilops tauschii 230,000–430,000 years ago. Recent research suggest that T. macha originated from a hybrid cross between T. aestivumand wild emmer wheat. Free-threshing wheat is closely related to spelt. As with spelt, genes contributed from Aegilops tauschii give bread wheat greater cold hardiness than most wheats, and it is cultivated throughout the world's temperate regions.
Common wheat was first domesticated in Western Asia during the early Holocene, and spread from there to North Africa, Europe and East Asia in the prehistoric period. Naked wheats (including Triticum aestivum/durum/turgidum) were found in Roman burial sites ranging from 100BCE to 300CE . Wheat first reached North America with Spanish missions in the 16th century, but North America's role as a major exporter of grain dates from the colonization of the prairies in the 1870s. As grain exports from Russia ceased in the First World War, grain production in Kansas doubled. Worldwide, bread wheat has proved well adapted to modern industrial baking, and has displaced many of the other wheat, barley, and rye species that were once commonly used for bread making, particularly in Europe.
Modern wheat varieties have been selected for short stems, the result of RHt dwarfing genesthat reduce the plant's sensitivity to gibberellic acid, a plant hormone that lengthens cells. RHt genes were introduced to modern wheat varieties in the 1960s by Norman Borlaug from Norin 10 cultivars of wheat grown in Japan. Short stems are important because the application of high levels of chemical fertilizers would otherwise cause the stems to grow too high, resulting in lodging (collapse of the stems). Stem heights are also even, which is important for modern harvesting techniques.
Compact wheats (e.g., club wheat Triticum compactum, but in India T. sphaerococcum) are closely related to common wheat, but have a much more compact ear. Their shorter rachis segments lead to spikelets packed closer together. Compact wheats are often regarded as subspecies rather than species in their own right (thus T. aestivum subsp. compactum).
- Music Career
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As a drummer and percussionist, DiMaggio performed and recorded with many diverse artists. On September 9, 2013, DiMaggio took the role of Musical Director and drummer for the late night TV show the Arsenio Hall Show on CBS. Prior to Arsenio, he was briefly the house band drummer on the CW's game show Oh Sit and TBS's Lopez Tonight, hosted by George Lopez.
According to court documents, in May 2016, DiMaggio was originally contacted by a nonprofit org registered in Bulgaria to recreate a "Live Aid" style charity concert in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to raise money for the homeless and displaced childrenof the wars in conflict zones worldwide. DiMaggio offered to contract and obtain talent for the event that was set for October 2016. Not long before the event was scheduled to take place, many in the Bulgarian foundation had doubts about the promised "galaxy of stars" including Mick Jaggerto the city of Sofia for a big charity concert and people suspected early on that it was all just a big hoax. On August 5, 2016, the promoter wired $750,000.00 dollars to an account controlled by DiMaggio, who had withdrawn the money four days later. DiMaggio during a press conference said he had received "verbal confirmations" concerning participation from Johnny Depp, Mick Jagger, Bruno Mars, Justin Timberlake, Rod Stewart, the band Earth, Wind an...
On October 14, 2020 DiMaggio was sentenced to 27 months in a Federal prison and an additional 1 year of home confinement after his release. DiMaggio was ordered to surrender no later than May 21, 2021. DiMaggio had originally faced incarceration for up to 20 years, in a U.S. Federal Prison in exchange for his guilty plea for stealing money from homeless children. According to the KTLA channel 5 News report, "Judge Dolly M. Gee, sentencing DiMaggio Wednesday October 14, 2020, the Judge described his actions as “A despicable crime of sheer greed.”
1. 2009: Planet Groove (ISBN 9781423464716) – drum training DVD
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Luigi Galvani (1761) provided the first scientific evidence that current can activate muscle. During the 19th and 20th centuries, researchers studied and documented the exact electrical properties that generate muscle movement. It was discovered that the body functions induced by electrical stimulation caused long-term changes in the muscles. In the 1960s, Soviet sport scientists applied EMS in the training of elite athletes, claiming 40% force gains. In the 1970s, these studies were shared during conferences with the Western sport establishments. However, results were conflicting, perhaps because the mechanisms in which EMS acted were poorly understood. Medical physiology research pinpointed the mechanisms by which electrical stimulation causes adaptation of cells of muscles, blood vesselsand nerves.
United States regulation
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration(FDA) certifies and releases EMS devices into two broad categories: over-the counter devices (OTC), and prescription devices. OTC devices are marketable only for muscle toning; prescription devices can be purchased only with a medical prescription for therapy. Prescription devices should be used under supervision of an authorized practitioner, for the following uses: 1. Relaxation of muscle spasms; 2. Prevention or retardation of disuse atrophy; 3. Increas...
Non-professional devices target home-market consumerswith wearable units in which EMS circuitry is contained in belt-like garments (ab toning belts) or other clothing items. The Relax-A-Cizor was one brand of device manufactured by the U.S. company Relaxacizor, Inc. From the 1950s, the company marketed the device for use in weight loss and fitness. Electrodes from the device were attached to the skin and caused muscle contractions by way of electrical currents.The device caused 40 muscular co...
In popular culture
In the Case Closeddetective franchise, the protagonist's Power-Enhancing Kick Shoes are loosely based on EMS principles.Maffiuletti, Nicola A (December 2006). "The use of electrostimulation exercise in competitive sport". International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 1 (4): 406–7. doi:10.1123/ijspp.1.4...Boschetti, Gianpaolo (2008). Globus SHT (ed.). "EMS Digest". Retrieved 29 January 2013. Cite journal requires |journal= (help) Google document inspired by a workshop by author Gianpaolo Boschetti (...