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  1. Go-go boot - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Go-go_boots

    Go-go boots are a low-heeled style of women's fashion boot first introduced in the mid-1960s. The original go-go boots, as defined by André Courrèges in 1964, were white, low-heeled, and mid-calf in height, [2] a specific style which is ...

  2. The Go-Go's - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Go-Go's
    • Original Incarnation
    • Career Peak
    • Talk Show and Initial Breakup
    • Reunions
    • Schock Lawsuit
    • Touring and God Bless The Go-Go's
    • Farewell Tour and Additional Tours
    • Departure of Kathy Valentine and Lawsuit
    • Another Farewell Tour, Return of Valentine
    • Solo Careers

    Formed in Los Angeles in 1978, the Go-Go's initially consisted of Belinda Carlisle (vocals), Jane Wiedlin(guitar, background vocals), Margot Olavarria (bass), and Elissa Bello (drums). They were formed as a punk band and had roots in the L.A. punk community. They shared a rehearsal space with the Motels and Carlisle, under the name "Dottie Danger", had briefly been a member of punk rock band the Germs. After she became temporarily ill, she left the Germs before playing a gig. The band began playing gigs at punk venues such as The Masque and the Whisky a Go Go in Los Angeles and the Mabuhay Gardens in San Francisco alongside bands such as X, Fear, the Plugz and the Controllers. Charlotte Caffey (lead guitar, keyboards, background vocals) was added later in 1978, and in the summer of 1979, Gina Schock replaced Bello on drums. With these lineup changes, the group began moving towards their more-familiar power popsound. The group frequently met at a Denny'son Sunset Boulevard in Hollywo...

    The Go-Go's signed to I.R.S. Records in April 1981. The following year, they toured with The Police on the Ghost in the Machine Tour. Their debut album, Beauty and the Beat, was a surprise hit: it topped the U.S. charts for six weeks in 1982 and eventually received a double platinum certification. The album was also a success outside the U.S. charting at No. 2 in Canada, where it received a platinum certification, and No. 27 in Australia. In 2003, the album was ranked No. 413 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. "Our Lips Are Sealed" and a new version of "We Got the Beat" were popular singles in North America in early 1982. During this period, the Go-Go's started building a fanbase. In 1982, the group was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best New Artist. The follow-up album, Vacation, received mixed reviews and sold less than Beauty and the Beat. However, the album was certified gold in the U.S. and spawned another Top 10 U.S. hit with the title t...

    In 1984, the group returned with the Martin Rushent-produced album Talk Show. The album tracks "Head over Heels" and "Turn to You" were both Top 40 hits in the US. Despite the favorable reception, the album sold less than the previous two, not reaching the top 10 and not receiving any certification. Personality conflicts and creative differences within the group were also taking a toll, as were drug addiction problems for some band members. Wiedlin announced her departure from the group in October 1984. The band sought a replacement, selecting Paula Jean Brown (of Giant Sand) as their new bass guitarist, with Valentine moving to rhythm guitar. This lineup debuted at the 1985 Rock in Riofestival, playing two shows, but Carlisle and Caffey soon realized their hearts were no longer in the group and decided to disband the Go-Go's in May 1985.

    In 1990, the Go-Go's classic lineup (Caffey, Carlisle, Schock, Valentine and Wiedlin) reunited to play a benefit concert for the California Environmental Protection Act, a 1990 ballot initiative. The band also entered the studio with producer David Z to re-record a cover of "Cool Jerk" for a greatest hits compilation.[citation needed] In 1994, the same lineup got together again to release a two-disc retrospective entitled Return to the Valley of The Go-Go's, featuring three new recordings. The single "The Whole World Lost Its Head" peaked at No. 21 on the Billboard Modern Rock charts and "bubbled under" on the US charts at No. 108, but became the band's first and only Top 40 hit in the UK, peaking at No. 29. The band toured again to promote the release; ex-Bangle Vicki Peterson stood in on several dates for Caffey, who was pregnant.[citation needed]

    In 1997, Schock sued the other members of the group, claiming that she had not been properly paid for her contributions since 1986 and that a songwriting agreement with Caffey had been breached. The suit was resolved by 1999 when the band reunited for a brief tour.

    The Go-Go's toured regularly from 1999 onward. In 2001, the band (still with the "classic" lineup) released an album of new material, God Bless the Go-Go's. Green Day's lead singer Billie Joe Armstrong co-wrote the only released single, "Unforgiven", which peaked at No. 22 on Billboard's Adult Top 40 chart. The album was well received by critics and peaked at number No. 57 in the Billboard 200 chart.[citation needed] Also in 2001, the Go-Go's, along with artists Elton John, Billy Joel, David Crosby and Paul Simon, performed at the concert "An All-Star Tribute to Brian Wilson" at Radio City Music Hall, hosted by the TNT network.[citation needed]

    In February 2010, Carlisle announced that the 2010 tour would be billed as the "Farewell Tour",but this tour was cancelled when Wiedlin injured her knee while hiking near her home in Northern California, requiring surgery and up to a year of recovery time. After 2010, the idea of a farewell tour seemed to have been abandoned, with the Go-Go's touring frequently. In 2011, the Go-Go's announced the "Ladies Gone Wild" tour to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the release of Beauty and the Beat. They toured the US in 2012, with Abby Travissubbing for an injured Valentine during the latter part of the tour.

    On March 8, 2013, the group's official website said "irreconcilable differences" had led to the departure of bassist Valentine. On May 24, Valentine sued her former bandmates for "breach of fiduciary dutyand abuse of control...in an attempt to deprive [her] of her position and interest in the group, including her right to receive her full one-fifth, 20% share of the benefits and revenues generated by the group substantial reputation, fame, and goodwill." Officially a quartet (Caffey, Carlisle, Schock, Wiedlin), the Go-Go's continued on, playing a series of tour dates in 2013 and 2014, including several double bills with the B-52's. In 2014, the band was inducted in the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame. That same year, the lawsuit that Valentine brought against her former bandmates was settled out of court.[citation needed]

    On March 21, 2016, plans for a Go-Go's farewell tour (minus Valentine) were officially announced. A band statement said: "After a 38-year run, we are gearing up for one last blast of a summer tour". Valentine rejoined the band to perform their first show together as a quintet in six years at New York's Bowery Ballroom on January 31, 2018, to announce the Broadway dates of their new musical, Head Over Heels. The new musical—which premiered at New York's Hudson Theatre in the summer of 2018—features the band's hits (including "Get Up and Go" and "Lust to Love") as well as Carlisle's solo hits "Mad About You" and "Heaven Is a Place on Earth". The musical had a preview at the Oregon Shakespeare Festivalin 2015. In 2020, a documentary movie about the band premiered at Sundance, directed by Allison Ellwood after the band saw her work on the 2013 History of the Eagles documentary. In the US, the movie was seen on television on Showtime. The documentary features the formation and rise of th...

    Belinda Carlisle became the most commercially successful solo artist of the band's alumnae, scoring a string of mainstream pop singles in the mid and late '80s, including the No. 3 US hit "Mad Abou...
    Jane Wiedlin released several solo albums including Fur, which featured a successful single, "Rush Hour". Wiedlin also took acting roles in movies, including Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure, Clu...
    Charlotte Caffey worked as a songwriter and session musician for Carlisle. In 1988, she formed a band called the Graces that released the album Perfect View. After the Graces disbanded, she briefly...
    Gina Schock released a self-titled album in 1988 with her band House of Schock, and she later formed the short-lived group K-Five. Schock co-wrote the title track for Miley Cyrus's sophomore CD, Br...
    • 1978–1985, 1990, 1994, 1999–present
    • Beyond, IRS, A&M
  3. Rise as God - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rise_as_God
    • Background and Composition
    • Release and Performance
    • Commercial Performance

    In November 2013, S.M. Entertainment announced that TVXQ had recorded over twenty songs for their new album. The duo contemplated about releasing their new record in two parts. On January 6, 2014, TVXQ released their special tenth-anniversary album Tense, which included 12 songs. In late 2014, rumors began circulating among fansites that TVXQ were planning to release a special mini-album in the summer of 2015, but those rumors were never materialized. In April 2015, S.M. confirmed that U-Know Yunho would be enlisting in the Republic of Korea Armed Forces as part of the mandatory military service imposed on all South Korean men aged 18 to 35. In July, S.M. announced that Max Changmin was accepted into a special unit for conscripted policemen, and will be enlisting at the end of the year. Due to their mandatory draft, TVXQ announced that they would be on hiatus for the next two years. At the Tistory: Special Live Tourencore shows held on June 13 and 14, the duo said they have recorded...

    Due to the duo's unavailability, Rise as God received little promotion. Introducing it as a parting gift for fans, S.M. only used social mediato promote the album. TVXQ's fans were alerted of the album's release on July 15, one week before its official release date. Online pre-orders were made available, and it topped South Korea's Synarra Record charts and Japan's Tower Records charts soon after pre-orders were announced. A sneak peek of the album's digital cover was released to Korean media agencies on July 15, followed by two black-and-white teaser photos featuring Yunho and Changmin the next day. The ten track set was revealed on July 16. On the midnight of July 17, S.M.'s official YouTube channel released a teaser video of the album, which featured snippets of the singles' separate music videos. Individual teaser videos for "Rise as One" and "Champagne" were unveiled on July 18 and 19 respectively. The two music videos premiered in full on the evening of July 20, the day of the...

    On the first day of sales in South Korea, Hanteo Album Charts, which tracks real-time sales from affiliated retailers, reported that Rise as God was behind Super Junior's Devil on the first day of release. It jumped to number one on the second day but dropped back to number two on the third day. It finished the week at number two and sold approximately 30,000 physical copies, making it TVXQ's slowest opening-week sales since their debut with Tri-Anglein 2004. On South Korea's weekly Gaon Album Chart, Rise as Goddebuted at number one, making it TVXQ's fourth consecutive number one since the chart's establishment in 2010. According to Gaon, 148,155 copies were shipped in the first month, outperforming Super Junior by 12,000 units. In Japan, Rise as God entered the weekly Oricon Albums Chartat number six, with sales of 18,093 imported copies. The album's two singles, "Champagne" and "Rise as One", failed to chart on South Korea's weekly digital charts. However, "Champagne" and "Rise as...

  4. Go! Go! Cory Carson - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Go!_Go!_Cory_Carson
    • Synopsis
    • Voice Cast
    • Production
    • External Links

    In a world of anthropomorphic vehicles, Cory Carson, a friendly little orange car, learns to make his way through the childhood struggles of starting school, making friends, and learning responsibility.

    CARSON FAMILY 1. AC Lim as Cory Carson, an orange car with yellowstripes and the star of the show. Cory is happy and friendly, fond of dancing, and has a mischievous streak that sometimes lands him in trouble. (Voiced by Jayden Latham in the UK) 2. Kerry Gudjohnsen as Mama Carson, a sky blue car and the mother of Cory and Chrissy. Mama Carson is a hardworking "carchitect", but always finds time for her kids.(Voiced by Kate Harbour in the UK) 3. Paul Killam as Papa Carson, an orange and brown car, and father of Cory and Chrissy. Papa Carson is a stay-at-home dad and cartoonist. (Voiced by Paul J Rose in the UK) 4. Maisie Benson as Chrissy Carson, a small light greencar and Cory's troublemaking younger sister. (Voiced by Florence Skellern in the UK) OTHER CHARACTERS 1. Smith Foreman as Freddie Firetruck, a red fire engineand Cory's best friend. (Voiced by Tom Rimmer in the UK) 2. Adelaide Hirasaki as Halle Copter, a light blue and red helicopterand one of Cory's classmates. (Voiced by...

    The series was announced by Netflix in November 2018. It is based on VTech's Go! Go! Smart Wheels line of electronic toy vehicles. Netflix streams the show internationally, dubbed into the local language in several countries. Due to the branding of VTech's Go! Go! Smart Wheels line of toys, the title of the show is usually changed to reflect the toy line's name in different countries (such as Toot-Toot Cory Carsonin the UK and Australia, where the toy line is branded Toot-Toot Drivers).

    Official website at Netflix
    Go! Go! Cory Carson on IMDb
  5. Granular convection - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granular_convection
    • Explanation
    • Applications
    • See Also
    • External Links

    It may be counterintuitiveto find that the largest and (presumably) heaviest particles rise to the top, but several explanations are possible: 1. The center of mass of the whole system (containing the mixed nuts) in an arbitrary state is not optimally low; it has the tendency to be higher due to there being more empty space around the larger Brazil nuts than around smaller nuts.[citation needed] When the nuts are shaken, the system has the tendency to move to a lower energy state, which means moving the center of mass down by moving the smaller nuts down and thereby the Brazil nuts up.[citation needed] 2. Including the effects of air in spaces between particles, larger particles may become buoyant or sink. Smaller particles can fall into the spaces underneath a larger particle after each shake. Over time, the larger particle rises in the mixture. (According to Heinrich Jaeger, "[this] explanation for size separation might work in situations in which there is no granular convection,...

    Manufacturing

    The effect is of serious interest for some manufacturing operations; once a homogeneous mixture of granular materials has been produced, it is usually undesirable for the different particle types to segregate. Several factors determine the severity of the Brazil nut effect, including the sizes and densities of the particles, the pressure of any gas between the particles, and the shape of the container. A rectangular box (such as a box of breakfast cereal) or cylinder (such as a can of nuts) w...

    Astronomy

    In astronomy, it is common in low density, or rubble pile asteroids, for example the asteroid 25143 Itokawa and 101955 Bennu.

    Geology

    In geology, the effect is common in formerly glaciated areas such as New England and areas in regions of permafrost where the landscape is shaped into hummocks by frost heave — new stones appear in the fields every year from deeper underground. Horace Greeley noted "Picking stones is a never-ending labor on one of those New England farms. Pick as closely as you may, the next plowing turns up a fresh eruption of boulders and pebbles, from the size of a hickory nut to that of a tea-kettle."A hi...

    Popcorn effect on high-frequency vibrating screens
    Beads in a Box on YouTube
    The Brazil Nut Effect on PhysicsWeb
    Yan, X.; Q. Shi; M. Hou; K. Lu; C. K. Chan (2003-07-03). "Effects of Air on the Segregation of Particles in a Shaken Granular Bed". Physical Review Letters. 91 (1): 014302. Bibcode:2003PhRvL..91a43...
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  7. Ladies' Code - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Go_Eun-bi
    • History
    • Endorsements
    • Artistry
    • Members
    • Discography

    Pre-debut

    Before the establishment of the group, most of the members had some experience in the entertainment industry. Rise participated in Miss Korea 2009 as a representative of Japan, and won the Korean Abroad Award. She gained popularity by starring in the talent show called Star Audition: The Great Birth, and finished in the Top 12. She then appeared with fellow Star Audition contestant David Oh as a couple on the reality show We Got Married in 2011. Rise later signed on with KeyEastbefore switchi...

    2012–13: Bad Girl and Pretty Pretty

    In 2012, Ladies' Code started recording their debut album. On February 20, 2013, Sojung confirmed that she would join a new girl group being formed by Polaris Entertainment, and that they would debut in the following month. Promotion began on February 25, 2013, with the release of RiSe's teaser video, followed by Sojung's on the 26th, EunB's on the 27th, for Zuny's on the 28th, and March 1 for leader Ashley respectively.On March 4, 2013, they released the group teaser for their music video. T...

    2014: "So Wonderful" and "Kiss Kiss"

    Polaris Entertainment announced on February 4, 2014 that the group would make a comeback with their second digital single "So Wonderful." A still-cut of the first music video teaser was released on February 6, 2014 showing member Kwon Rise lying in transparent plastic wrap. The teaser was subsequently released online the following day with the second teaser on February 10. The song was produced by Super Changddai who worked with the group since their debut. The single along with its accompany...

    Ladies' Code signed their first deal with Pepsi Korea in August 2013 as the company's next models for their 'Open Your Pepsi Now' campaign. In January 2014, the group teamed up with Nexon to promote the winter update for the MMORPG Mabinogi Heroes.

    Musical style

    Prior to the crash, Ladies' Code's music had been predominantly pop with a retro sound. Billboard magazine noted that the group blends in "modern electro-pop" with "classic throwback elements" and powerful vocals. The group's debut single "Bad Girl" was described as a swing/jazz-inspired track accompanied with solid vocals. Their follow-up single, "Hate You" was marked as a departure, returning with a mid-tempo dance song with a combination of brass and acoustic guitar arrangements. Subsequen...

    Influences

    Ladies' Code have cited the Brown Eyed Girls and Wonder Girls as their role models, the latter compared to the group by media outlets due to their similar style of music and image. In September 2013, Wonder Girls' member Sunye posted a message on Twitter supporting the group, saying how "Pretty Pretty" reminded her on their group's past releases "Tell Me" and "So Hot".

    Current

    1. Ashley (Hangul: 애슐리) – leader, lead vocals 2. Sojung(소정) – main vocals 3. Zuny (주니) – sub vocals

    Former

    1. RiSe(리세) – sub vocals 2. EunB (은비) – sub vocals

  8. G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G.I._Joe:_The_Rise_of_Cobra
    • Plot
    • Cast
    • Production
    • Release
    • Reception
    • Sequel
    • External Links

    In the near future, weapons master James McCullen has created a nanotech-based weapon—nanomites designed to devour metal and other materials, capable of destroying anything from tanks to cities. The nanobots can only be stopped by activating the kill switch. His company M.A.R.S. sells four warheads to NATO, and NATO troops led by American soldiers Duke and Ripcord are asked to deliver the warheads. Their convoy is ambushed by the Baroness, whom Duke recognizes to be his ex-fiancée Ana Lewis. Duke and Ripcord are rescued by Scarlett, Snake Eyes, Breaker, and Heavy Duty. They take the warheads to The Pit, G.I. Joe's command center in Egypt, and upon arriving, rendezvous with the head of the G.I. Joe Team, General Hawk. Hawk takes command of the warheads and excuses Duke and Ripcord, only to be convinced to let them join his group, after Duke reveals that he knows the Baroness. McCullen is revealed to be using the same nanotechnology to build an army of soldiers with the aid of the Doc...

    G.I. Joe

    1. Channing Tatum as Conrad Hauser / Duke: The lead soldier. Lorenzo di Bonaventura was originally interested in casting Mark Wahlberg, and when the script was rewritten into a G.I. Joe origin story, the studio offered the role to Tatum. Tatum had played a soldier in Stop-Loss, an anti-war film, and originally wanted no part in G.I. Joe, which he felt glorified war. The actor later detailed that he wound up in the film due to a contractual obligation with Paramount, given Tatum signed a three...

    Cobra

    1. Joseph Gordon-Levitt as Rex Lewis / The Doctor / Cobra Commander: The Baroness's brother, a former soldier who was thought to have been killed during a mission led by Duke—instead, he became the disfigured head scientist of Military Armament Research Syndicate (M.A.R.S.). USA Today reported that Gordon-Levitt would play multiple roles. Gordon-Levitt wore prosthetic makeup under a mask that was redesigned from the comics because the crew found it too reminiscent of the Ku Klux Klan. Upon se...

    Other characters

    1. Jonathan Pryce as the President 2. Grégory Fitoussi as Daniel DeCobray / The Baron: The husband of the Baroness. 3. Gerald Okamura as The Hard Master: Snake Eyes and Storm Shadow's ninja master.

    Development

    In 1994, Larry Kasanoff and his production company, Threshold Entertainment, held the rights to do a live-action G.I. Joe film with Warner Bros. as the distributor. Instead they chose to concentrate the company's efforts upon its Mortal Kombat films. As late as 1999, there had been rumors that a film from Threshold Entertainment was still a possibility, but that project was never developed.[citation needed] In 2003, Lorenzo di Bonaventura was interested in making a film about advanced militar...

    Filming and design

    Filming began on February 11, 2008, in Los Angeles, California. The Downey soundstage was chosen as Paramount needed a large stage to get production underway as soon as possible. The first two levels of the Pit were built there, to complement the rest of the building which would be done with special effects. Downey also housed Destro's M.A.R.S. base in the Arctic, his legitimate weapons factory in an ex-Soviet state, as well as filming various submarines' interiors, including a SHARC(Submersi...

    Effects

    Six visual effects companies worked in The Rise of Cobra, the most prominent being Digital Domain, which handled the Paris action sequences and the opening convoy sequence. For the Eiffel Tower destruction, special software was written for depicting how the crumbling metal works. To create the digital Eiffel Tower, the technicians had access to the original building plans, and built a digital model so complex that it could not fit in a single computer file. For the nanomites, designers used t...

    Theatrical

    The film was first screened in the US on July 31, 2009 at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland. The premiere was at Hollywood's Grauman's Chinese Theatre on August 7, 2009, and on the following day, G.I. Joe started playing at 4,007 theaters in the US,along with 35 other markets.

    Marketing

    The film's actors were scanned for Hasbro's toy line, which began in July 2009 with the release of 3¾-inch-tall action figures. The Rise of Cobra toy line also includes 12-inch figures, and vehicles, including the first play set based on the Pit in the franchise's history. Electronic Arts developed a video game sequel to the film, also titled G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra. IDW Publishing released a four-issue prequel written by Chuck Dixon. Each issue focuses on Duke, Destro, the Baroness and S...

    Home media

    G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra was released on November 3, 2009 on Blu-ray Disc and DVD in regular and two-disc editions, and later as a book and as a video game. Both disc editions include audio commentary by Stephen Sommers and Bob Ducsay, and two making-of featurettes, with the second disc of the special edition holding a digital copy of the film. The film opened at #1 at the DVD sales chart, making $40.9 million from 2,538,000 DVD units in the first week of its release. The film sold more th...

    Box office

    During the opening weekend (August 7–9, 2009), G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra opened at #1 of the North American box office with an estimated $54.7 million. It earned an additional $44 million internationally during the same weekend. In the following week, the film opened in 14 more territories and continued atop the international box office with $26 million. This made it the third Hasbro film to reach number one at the box office after Transformers and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. The f...

    Critical response

    Paramount decided to not screen the film for print critics before its release and wanted to focus on internet critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 34% based on 166 reviews, with an average rating of 4.56/10. The website's consensus reads, "While fans of the Hasbro toy franchise may revel in a bit of nostalgia, G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra is largely a cartoonish, over-the-top action fest propelled by silly writing, inconsistent visual effects, and merely passable per...

    Accolades

    Tatum won the Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actor: Action for his performance as Duke and the film also received three other Teen Choice Award nominations: Choice Movie: Action, Choice Movie Actress: Action for Sienna Miller, and Choice Movie: Villain for Joseph Gordon-Levitt. The film was also nominated for six Razzies including Worst Picture, Worst Director, Worst Screenplay, Worst Supporting Actor for Marlon Wayans, and Worst Prequel, Remake, Rip-off, or Sequel—with Sienna Miller winn...

    A sequel, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, was released on March 28, 2013, directed by Jon Chu. In the film, the Joes are framed as traitors by Zartan, who is still impersonating the President of the United States, and Cobra Commander now has all the world leaders under Cobra's control, with their advanced warheads aimed at innocent populaces around the world. Outnumbered and outgunned, the Joes form a plan with the original G.I. Joe General Joseph Colton to overthrow Cobra Commander and his allies Zartan, Storm Shadow, and Firefly.

    G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra at AllMovie
    G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra at IMDb
    G.I. Joe: Rise of Cobra title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
  9. 2000s energy crisis - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2000s_energy_crisis
    • New Inflation-Adjusted Peaks
    • Possible Causes
    • Effects
    • Forecasted Prices and Trends
    • End of The Crisis
    • Possible Mitigations
    • External Links

    The price of crude oil in 2003 traded in a range between $20–$30/bbl. Between 2003 and July 2008, prices steadily rose, reaching $100/bbl in late 2007, coming close to the previous inflation-adjusted peak set in 1980.[better source needed] A steep rise in the price of oil in 2008 – also mirrored by other commodities – culminated in an all-time high of $147.27 during trading on 11 July 2008, more than a third above the previous inflation-adjusted high.[citation needed] High oil prices and economic weakness contributed to a demand contraction in 2007–2008. In the United States, gasoline consumption declined by 0.4% in 2007, then fell by 0.5% in the first two months of 2008 alone. Record-setting oil prices in the first half of 2008 and economic weakness in the second half of the year prompted a 1.2 Mbbl (190,000 m3)/day contraction in US consumption of petroleum products, representing 5.8% of total US consumption, the largest annual decline since 1980 at the climax of the 1979 energy c...

    Demand

    World crude oil demand grew an average of 1.76% per year from 1994 to 2006, with a high of 3.4% in 2003–2004. World demand for oil is projected to increase 37% over 2006 levels by 2030, according to the 2007 U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) annual report. In 2007, the EIA expected demand to reach an ultimate high of 118 million barrels per day (18.8×10^6 m3/d), from 2006's 86 million barrels (13.7×10^6 m3), driven in large part by the transportation sector. A 2008 report from th...

    Supply

    An important contributor to the price increase was the slowdown in oil supply growth, which has been a general trend since oil production surpassed new discoveries in 1980. The likelihood that global oil production will decline at some point, leading to lower supply, is a long-term fundamental cause of rising prices. Although there is contention about the exact time at which global production will peak, a majority of industry participants acknowledge that the concept of a production peak is v...

    Investment/speculation demand

    Investment demand for oil occurs when investors purchase futures contractsto buy a commodity at a set price for future delivery. "Speculators are not buying any actual crude. ... When [the] contracts mature, they either settle them with a cash payment or sell them on to genuine consumers." Several claims have been made implicating financial speculation as a major cause of the price increases. In May 2008 the transport chief for Germany's Social Democrats estimated that 25 percent of the rise...

    There is debate over what the effects of the 2000s energy crisis will be over the long term. Some speculated that an oil-price spike could create a recession comparable to those that followed the 1973 and 1979 energy crises or a potentially worse situation such as a global oil crash. Increased petroleum prices are reflected in a vast number of products derived from petroleum, as well as those transported using petroleum fuels. Political scientist George Friedman has postulated that if high prices for oil and food persist, they will define the fourth distinct geopolitical regime since the end of World War II, the previous three being the Cold War, the 1989–2001 period in which economic globalization was primary, and the post-9/11 "war on terror". In addition to high oil prices, from year 2000 volatility in the price of oil has increased notably and this volatility has been suggested to be a factor in the financial crisis which began in 2008. The perceived increase in oil price differ...

    According to informed observers, OPEC, meeting in early December 2007, seemed to desire a high but stable price that would deliver substantial needed income to the oil-producing states, but avoid prices so high that they would negatively impact the economies of the oil-consuming nations. A range of US$70–80 per barrel was suggested by some analysts to be OPEC's goal. In November 2008, as prices fell below $60 a barrel, the IEA warned that falling prices could lead to both a lack of investment in new sources of oil and a fall in production of more-expensive unconventional reserves such as the oil sands of Canada. The IEA's chief economist warned, "Oil supplies in the future will come more and more from smaller and more-difficult fields," meaning that future production requires more investment every year. A lack of new investment in such projects, which had already been observed, could eventually cause new and more-severe supply issues than had been experienced in the early 2000s acco...

    By the beginning of September 2008, prices had fallen to $110. OPEC Secretary General El-Badri said that the organization intended to cut output by about 500,000 barrels (79,000 m3) a day, which he saw as correcting a "huge oversupply" due to declining economies and a stronger U.S. dollar. On 10 September, the International Energy Agency (IEA) lowered its 2009 demand forecast by 140,000 barrels (22,000 m3) to 87.6 million barrels (13,930,000 m3) a day. As many countries throughout the world entered an economic recession in the third quarter of 2008 and the global banking system came under severe strain, oil prices continued to slide. In November and December, global demand growth fell, and U.S. oil demand fell an estimated 10% overall from early October to early November 2008 (accompanying a significant drop in auto sales). In their December meeting, OPEC members agreed to reduce their production by 2.2 million barrels (350,000 m3) per day, and said their resolution to reduce produc...

    Attempts to mitigate the impacts of oil price increases include: 1. Increasing the supply of petroleum 2. Finding substitutes for petroleum 3. Decreasing the demand for petroleum 4. Attempting to reduce the impact of rising prices on petroleum consumers 5. Better urban planningwith more emphasis on bike lanes, public transit, and high dense residential zoning. In mainstream economic theory, a free market rations an increasingly scarce commodity by increasing its price. A higher price should stimulate producers to produce more, and consumers to consume less, while possibly shifting to substitutes. The first three mitigation strategies in the above list are, therefore, in keeping with mainstream economic theory, as government policies can affect the supply and demand for petroleum as well as the availability of substitutes. In contrast, the last type of strategy in the list (attempting to shield consumers from rising prices) would seem to work against classical economic theory, by enc...

  10. Rachelle Ann Go - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachelle_Ann_Go
    • Early Life
    • Career
    • Personal Life
    • Concerts
    • Discography
    • Awards and Nominations
    • External Links

    Rachelle Ann Go was born on August 31, 1986. She is the daughter of Oscar and Russel Villalobos-Go. She is the eldest of four children. She studied pre-school to secondary level at La Immaculada Concepcion School in Pasig.She was a choir member of the school as well. She took up the international business and entrepreneurship program at San Beda College in Manila, but due to joining the Search for a Star talent show on GMA Network, she had to drop out in order to focus more on the latter. In 2008, Go passed the University of the Philippines Open Universityentrance exam and enrolled.

    Eat Bulaga: "Birit Baby"

    She joined and won several contests. Her television debut on Eat Bulaga!, a hit noontime variety show, happened when she was just eleven. She competed in the show's contest "Birit Baby" where young aspirants belt out vocally challenging songs. She sang Céline Dion's version of "All By Myself". She lost to Musica Cristobal in this competition thus getting the 1st runner up position.

    2003–04: Search for a Star, debut album, Shanghai Music Festival

    In 2003, Go auditioned for a talent search on GMA-7, Search for a Star. She passed the auditions and made it as one of the twelve finalists. On March 13, 2004, Go was announced as the grand champion, as she sung her rendition of Mariah Carey's "Through the Rain".After the contest, she transferred to ABS-CBN. Several weeks after winning, she collaborated with Philippine rap group Salbakuta for a cover of the Laura Branigan 1980s hit "Gloria". She then released it as a CD single and it became a...

    2005–07: Various projects

    In November 2005, Go released her second album, I Care. At the same time, she co-hosted the second season of the reality show Search for the Star in a Million. The album reached Gold status selling 15,000 copies nationwide. The theme song included in the official soundtrack, "Perhaps Love" (Hangul: 사랑인가요, originally sung by J and Howl), was also translated into Tagalog as "Pag-ibig Nga Kaya" and performed by Christian Bautista and Rachelle Ann Go with permission from MBC. The show's finale wa...

    In early September 2017, Go became engaged to Martin Spies, a South African-born, American-raised businessman. They married on April 18, 2018 in Boracay. The couple moved into a house in Greenwich, London in December 2019. On November 21, 2020, Go announced that she and Spies were expecting a child in 2021.On March 26, 2021, she gave birth to their son, Lukas Judah Spies. Go is a Christian.

    In 2012, she brought her prowess as a performer in her major solo concert 'Rise Against Gravity'. And the guest list was pretty gravity-defying: OPM icon Ms. Regine Velasquez-Alcasid, pop star princess Sarah Geronimo, and Christian Bautista. Two years later, she staged her 10th year/send-off concert, "Miss Rachelle," before flying off to London for the West End revival of Miss Saigon.She was originally going to be part of the DIVAS Live in Manila, however, she backed out due to prior commitments.

    Albums

    Studio albums Cast recordings

    Singles

    On its first day of release, "First Burn" debuted at the #1 spot on iTunes US. It is also climbing the iTunes charts in United Kingdom, Canada and Australia.Rachelle Ann Go becomes the first pure Filipino artist to be a part of a #1 single on iTunes US.

    International recognition

    2005 1. Silver Medalist (as Interpreter)- Astana Song Festival 2. First Prize in the Best Own Country Song "Isang Lahi" (with Vehnee Saturno) – Astana Song Festival 3. Silver Medalist (as Interpreter) – Shanghai Song Festival 2005 4. Best Song for "From The Start" – Shanghai Song Festival 2005 2014 1. BroadwayWorld UK/West End Awards. She won "Best Featured Actress in a New Production of a Musical" for her portrayal of Gigi Van Tranh in the 2014 West End revival of "Miss Saigon". 2015 1. "Bes...

    Local recognition

    2004 1. Grand Champion – Search for a Star 2004 2. Paganda ng Paganda ang Boses! (Special Prize) – Search for A Star 2004 3. Best Major Concert Performer 2004 – Aliw Awards Inc. 4. Gold Record Award for Yo! Gloria Album 2005 1. Best Female Artist – MTV Pilipinas Music Awards 2005 2. Female Top Star Entertainer – National Consumer Quality 2005 3. Most Promising Female Singer – "Guillermo Mendoza Memorial Foundation" 4. Most Outstanding Pasigueño Awardee in 2005 5. Winner- 1st ASAP Platinum Cir...

  11. Saddam Hussein - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saddam_Hussein

    The rise of Nasser foreshadowed a wave of revolutions throughout the Middle East in the 1950s and 1960s, with the collapse of the monarchies of Iraq, Egypt, and Libya. Nasser inspired nationalists throughout the Middle East by fighting the ...

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